7.How was the E.U. built and evolved?
a. Encouraged by the success of the ECSC, the Six sought to pursue integration in the military and political fields. A European Defense Community treaty was signed, but not ratified and political cooperation—forerunner of the EU’s Common Foreign and Security b. Policy—was not achieved until 1970. When these efforts were derailed, European leaders decided to continue the unification of Europe on the economic front alone. A historic meeting in Messina, Italy, in June 1955, launched the negotiations for two new treaties, the first to establish a European Economic Community (EEC) to merge separate national markets into a single market that would ensure the free movement of goods, people, capital, and services through development of common economic policies; and the second to create a European Atomic Energy Community (EAEC or EURATOM) to further the use of nuclear energy for peaceful purposes. c. The Six signed the treaties on March 25, 1957, in Rome. Often referred to as the “Rome Treaties”, both the EEC and the EAEC Treaties came into force in January 1958. 8.How have member companies benefited? a. The European Union has delivered half a century of peace, stability, and prosperity, helped raise living standards, launched a single European currency (the euro), and is progressively building a single Europe-wide market in which people, goods, services, and capital move among Member States as freely as within one country . b. EU residents benefit in numerous ways. They can expect consistent delivery of important services, from education to health care to transportation, which must meet agreed-upon standards. They know that products such as food or medical supplies will be safe and environmentally sound regardless of where they originate in the EU. They know that men and women must receive equal pay for equal work, a requirement that reflects the EU’s pioneering role in the fight for women’s rights. Citizens of the European Union know they are free to live in any EU country and have equal access to justice throughout the Union. Most importantly, they know that their fundamental rights, including the freedom of thought, conscience, and religion, are protected. c. The EU has also strengthened Europe’s voice in the world. The Union is engaged in rebuilding lives and communities in areas of conflict such as Afghanistan. The EU supports efforts to achieve peace in the Middle East, promotes sound environmental practices, and contributes to global efforts to control nuclear proliferation. Judicial, law enforcement, and security officials cooperate internationally to combat terrorism and transnational crime.
- Fall '15
- Business, European Union, member states