part of the elites or any of the political officials, they had a broad base of followers such as the city’s craftsmen, laborers, and sailors. They took the lead in boycotting English goods which gained popularity fairly quickly. Townshend Act: a new set of taxes impose d by the chancellor of the Exchequer, Charles Townshend, in 1767. This act had been taken into account after numerous colonists, one of them being Benjamin Franklin, had said that they won’t object if Britain raised revenue by regulating trade. Therefore, Townshend pleaded the parliament to impose a new set of taxes on goods being imported in the colonies with a new set of officials who would collect it and suppress smuggling. He said he would then use this money to pay the salaries of American governors and judges. This act also was resented by the colonists, but not as fiercely as the Stamp Act. It caused the ban on British goods to be reinstated. Boston Massacre: a fight, on March 5, 1770, between Bostonians who were throwing snowballs and English troops that escalated out of hand. Armed soldiers used guns that led to the death of five Bostonians. The eight soldiers and there commanding officer were put on trial with John Adams as the defendant. Seven of the nine were found not guilty and only two were charged for manslaughter. One of the Sons of Liberty, Paul Revere, published this drawing of armed English soldiers firing into a defenseless crowd that became heavily circulated. Boston Tea Party: an event on December 16, 1773, where a group of colonists disguised as Indians got on ships with tea imports in Boston Harbor and threw more than 300 chests of tea into the water. This revolt was a response to the Tea Act passed by Britain. Due to the Tea Act, colonists who gained money off of the tea trade lost money as the East India Company gained a monopoly over the tea trade. Many of the colonists gained money from tea and smuggling, but their profits were cut due to the heavy imports that were coming into the colonies which they had to pay the taxes for. In response to this, a few of the colonists decided to dump the tea into the water which became to be known as the Boston Tea Party. Intolerable Acts: also known as Coercive Acts were measures taken by the British government as a response to the Boston Tea Party. These acts included the closing of Boston Port to any trade until the cost of the lost tea was paid, altering of the Massachusetts Charter of 1691 (cutting town meetings and letting the governor choose the members to the council that were previously elected by the citizens), and allowing British military to stay in private homes. This was seen as a direct threat to the colonists’ freedom and united all of the colonists
together against the English.
You've reached the end of your free preview.
Want to read all 8 pages?
- Spring '20
- American Revolution, British army