Colourage 58125 36sivaramakrishnan cn 2009a pollution

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Sinha P, Shah R (2011) Creating a global vision for sustainable textiles. Colourage 58(1):25 36 Sivaramakrishnan CN (2009a) Pollution in textile industry. Colourage 16(2):66 68 Sivaramakrishnan CN (2009b) Carcinogenic chemicals in textiles. Colourage 16(7):58 60 Sivaramakrishnan CN (2012) Environmental labels. Colourage 59(8):50 52 Soljacic L, Pu š ic T (2005) Ecology in textile fi nishing and care processes. Tekstil 54(8):390 410 (in Croatian) Strohle J, B ö ttger D (2008) Abwasserrecycling und W ä rmer ü ckgewinnung in der Texdlveredlung. Melliand Textilberichte 89(5):148 149 The Institute of Science in Society (ISIS) (2007) Picking cotton carefully, ISIS report. . i-sis.org.uk/Picking_Cotton_Carefully.php . Accessed 15 Mar 07 Thiry MC (2009) Following the Fabric lifecycle. AATCC Review 9(12):22 29 US Department of Agriculture (2013) fi le?dDocName= STELDEV3003494&acct=noprulemaking . Accessed 28 Apr 2013 Wakelyn PJ, Chaudhry MR (2009) Organic cotton: production practices and post-harvest considerations. In: Blackburn RS (ed) Sustainable textiles: life cycle and environmental impact. Woodhead, Cambridge, UK, p 231 (2012) Why choose organic? . Accessed 19 Oct 2012 (2008) What is organic linen? . com/blog/2008/01/24/what-is-organic-linen/ . Accessed 8 Mar 2011 Development of Eco-labels for Sustainable Textiles 173
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Ecolabels and Organic Certi fi cation for Textile Products Luis Almeida Abstract Consumers demand not only speci fi c functionalities and quality levels for textile products but also safety and ecology. In response to this trend, the fashion supply chain places more and more importance on sustainability, forcing textile producers to respect high environmental and social standards in the entire textile-clothing chain, from raw materials to retail. In some cases, the consumer and postconsumer (reuse, recycle, disposal) phases are also considered. To answer the needs of consumers of eco-friendly products, several eco-labeling systems have been developed, which include speci fi c requirements for organic textiles. This chapter presents an overview of the requirements of the major eco-labels that are used a, including the European Union Ecolabel ( fl ower label), Oeko-Tex 100 (and the new certi fi cation scheme Sustainable Textile Production), Bluesign, organic certi fi cation systems (Global Organic Textile Standard and Organic Content Stan- dard), Fairtrade, and labels from retailer chains (Clear to Wear and Ecosafe). Keywords Textiles Á Ecolabel Á Organic certi fi cation Á Sustainability Á Health and safety Á Social responsibility Á Environmental protection 1 Introduction When purchasing a garment or a home textile, consumers demand not only speci fi c design, functionalities, and quality levels but also safety and ecology, with concern for the protection of the environment and producers in developing countries.
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