Hmong refugees in appleton wisconsin once refugees

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Hmong refugees in Appleton, WisconsinOnce refugees arrive in U.S., NGOs/local agencies do everythingFederal welfare agencies offer refugees resettlement assistance (food stamps, cash aid, medicaid ect.) only for 4 months Office of refugee resettlement offers 8 month of economic assistanceMany refugees do become successful (learn English, adapt, find stable jobs, start small businesses) Refugees have had a positive fiscal impact of $64 billion over the past ten years for federal and state governments
DiasporasDefinitionDiaspora=community created by the migratory dispersal of one ethnic group to various countries around the globe Different from ordinary immigration, which usually involved only two countries (migrants leave sending country and immigrate toreceiving country) homeland= country/ land of origin to which one feels an emotional attachment Recently, scholars have broadened Definition (because of ethnic/political/religious persecution) who are united by sense of affiliation to their ethnic homelandDifferent Types of DiasporasVictim diasporas (classic definition)=diasporas created by forced migration due to ethnic/political/religious persecution (refugees) Economic diasporas=diasporas created by migratory dispersal to various countries voluntarily for economic reasons Colonial diasporas=diasporas created by people colonizing various countriesCreates colonial victim diaspora Diasporas and HomelandsDiasporic communities scattered/dispersed around globe are united by affiliation to the ethnic homeland (where the diasporic group originated) Types of homeland:Natal homeland= country/ place where born Ethnic homeland= country/ place where the ethnic group originated Ethnic homelands are not always a politically independentcountry/ nation-state Ethnic homelands may be imagined because of uncertainty about its location (a distant, ancient, mythicalplace)Diasporas and TransnationalismDiasporic communities are transnational because they consist of people scattered across more than one nation-state who maintain social connections with each other across national borders
Diasporas have transnational identities (identification with two or morenation-states)Diasporic people identify transnational with both the host country where they live and their ethnic homeland But, unlike ordinary immigrants, they also identify transnationally with other people in the diaspora in other countries Nikkeijin The Jewish DiasporaOldest and best example of a diaspora and also the diaspora that historically has had the greatest impact on immigration to the U.S. The largest community in the Jewish diaspora resides in the U.S.

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