ECE _ DSST Organizational Behavior

Organizational sociologist joyce rothschild developed

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Unformatted text preview: Organizational sociologist Joyce Rothschild developed the model of the feminine organization based on the way many women have been socialized. According to Rothschild, the feminine model may be more effective and the model of choice in organizations that are essentially managed by and for women. This would include rape crisis centers, battered women’s shelters, and entrepreneurial firms that sell products to the female market such as Mary Kay Cosmetics The term technology refers to how an organization transfers its inputs into outputs. Every organization has at least one technology for converting financial, human, and physical resources into products or services. The Ford Motor Co., for instance, predominantly uses an assembly-line process to make its products. The common theme differentiating technologies is their degree of routineness. Technologies tend toward either routine or nonroutine activities. Routine activities are characterized by automated and standardized operations. Nonroutine activities such as custom shoemaking and genetic research are customized. An organization’s environment is composed of those institutions or forces that are outside the organization and potentially affect the organization’s performance. These outside forces typically include suppliers, customers, competitors, government regulatory agencies, public pressure groups, and the like. An organization’s structure is affected by its environment because of environmental uncertainty. Some organizations face static environments where there are no new competitors, or no new technological breakthroughs by current competitors. Other organizations face very dynamic environments such as rapidly changing government regulations affecting their business, new competitors, or difficulties in acquiring raw materials. Reengineering is described as considering how things would be done if one could start all over from scratch. This term comes from the historical process of taking apart an electronics product and designing a better version. Michael Hammer coined the term for organizations. When he found companies using computers simply to automate outdated processes, rather than finding fundamentally better ways of doing things, he realized the same principles could be applied to business. So as applied to organizations, reengineering means management should start with a clean sheet of paper— rethinking and redesigning those processes by which the organization creates value and does work, ridding itself of operations that have become antiquated in the computer age. An organization’s distinctive competencies define what it is that the organization is more superior at delivering than its competition. Examples might include superior store locations, a more efficient distribution system, higher quality products, more knowledgeable sales personnel, or superior technical support. Dell Computer, for instance, differentiates itself from its competitors by offering high-quality hardware, comprehensive service, and low prices. A flexible manufacturing system is the integration of computer-aided design, engineering, and manufacturing to produce...
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Organizational sociologist Joyce Rothschild developed the...

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