However they primarily measure attention control ability For instance keeping

However they primarily measure attention control

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However, they primarily measure attention control ability. For instance, keeping attention ability focusing on a single item and not get carried away by other things, be they from the internal or external environment created feelings and thoughts. Therefore the engaging ability in controlled processing during circumstances demanding attention, mostly those circumstances that need the inhibition or suppression of automatic processing has a relation with operational memory individual differences. Researches in the past have proposed roots in which working memory capacity individual differences influence studies that are directed by theories of dual-process ( Kahneman, 2011). In his book "Thinking, Fast and Slow" Kahneman (2011) first part covers his proposed two systems that are hypothetically in control of human beings' minds and determine the way
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WORKING MEMORY 4 individuals think. According to the author, system 1 works quickly and automatically and requires little effort or energy and demands no voluntary control sense. It is intuitive and fast. However, system 2 is more deliberative and slower. System 2 directs attention to the effort demanding mental undertakings that include complex computations. System 2 operations are mostly related to the subjective involvement of choice, agency and concentration. The intuitive and fast system is related to thought illusions which automatically generate cognitive biases. Kahneman (2011) primary is concerned on the reason why human beings fails to think statistically and he observes that people easily think metaphorically, associatively, casually when statistics demands individuals that think about different and many aspects at once, an element that misses in system Individual differences within the working memory capacity affect human beings thinking about controlled and automatic processing effects (Kahneman, 2011). Individual differences in attention control ability Working memory capacity individual differences influence the best way the representations accessibility is controlled as well as the control of behavioral expressions in circumstances comprised of interference or distraction, novel situations and those that consist of time pressure. According to Kahneman (2011), once the system 1 of the working memory is faced with difficult circumstances mostly the one that demands attention, it refers to system 2 for support of specific and more detailed processing that may help to address the problem at hand. Also, there is activation of system 2 when a task is identified that violates or interferes with the model sphere maintained by system 1.This task that may interfere with system 1 world includes calculations involving arithmetic problems or reading sentences among others.
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WORKING MEMORY 5 WMC concept is linked to the tasks utilized for its measurement. These undertakings known as complex span tasks employ the working memory executive functions because it requires the participants to maintain some information active as well as rapidly retrievable with periodical attention shift to other various processing tasks. In a usual compound span paradigm, a
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