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to secure individuals’ “electronic protected health information” (e-PHI). Within HHS, the Office for Civil Rights (OCR) has responsibility for enforcing the Privacy and Security Rules with voluntary compliance activities and civil money penalties.” (HHS.gov, 2017).
HIPPA•Enacted in 1996•Designed to help keep patient information secure
HIPPA•Every medical facility has to follow these guidelines•Huge fines and jail time can be possible if not followed.
EU Data Protection•The EU General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), which governs how personal data of individuals in the EU may be processed and transferred, went into effect on May 25, 2018. GDPR is a comprehensive privacy legislation that applies across sectors and to companies of all sizes. It replaces the Data Protection Directive 1995/46. The overall objectives of the measures are the same – laying down the rules for the protection of personal data and for the movement of data. GDPR is broad in scope and uses broad definitions. “Personal data” is any information that relates to an identified or identifiable living individual (data subject) such as a name, email address, tax ID number, online identifier, etc. “Processing” data includes actions such as collecting, recording, storing and transferring data.•A company that is not established in the Union may have to comply with the Regulation when processing personal data of EU and EEA residents (EEA countries are Norway, Lichtenstein and Switzerland):a) If the company offers goods or services to data subjects in the EU; or,b) If the company is monitoring data subjects’ behavior taking place within the EU. (Privacy Shield Framework, n.d.)
Reference•U.S. Department of Education (2018). Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) •HHS.gov (2017). Summary of the HIPAA Security Rule ns/index.html•Privacy Shield Framework (n.d) European Union - Data Privacy and Protection ?id=European-Union-Data-Privatization-and-Protection
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Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act, FERPA