Toxicity calcification of soft tissues elevated blood

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Toxicity: calcification of soft tissues; elevated blood calcium Deficiency: osteomalacia (decreased mineralization of bone); rickets in children Sources: skin production from sun; fortified milk/orange juice; egg yolks; fatty fish; supplements Vitamin A Functions: vision; maintenance of cornea, epithelial cells,, mucous membranes, skin, bone metabolism, reproduction, immunity Toxicity: decreased bone density; birth defects; liver abnormalities Deficiency: night blindness; impaired immunity; hyperkeratosis (formation of white lumps on the skin) Sources: liver; fortified milk; butter; eggs Beta Carotene Functions: vitamin A pre-cursor; antioxidant Toxicity: orange skin Sources: carrots; red/yellow sweet peppers; sweet potatoes; dark leafy greens; apricots; cantaloupe; pumpkin Vitamin E Functions: antioxidant; prevention of oxidation of polyunsaturated fats & protection of cell membranes Toxicity: hemorrhaging; increased effect of anti-clotting medications Deficiency: nerve damage; erythrocyte hemolysis (red cell breakage)
Sources: oils; leafy green veggies; broccoli; whole grains; liver; egg yolks; nuts & seeds; high fat meats Riboflavin Functions: part of coenzymes flavin monocucleotide (FMN) and flavin adenine dinucleotide) used in energy metabolism in the tricarboxylic acid cycle (krebs cycle) Deficiency: inflamation of the mouth, skin, eyelids Toxicity: none known Sources: dairy foods; whole & fortified grains; liver Niacin Functions: part of coenzyme nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) used in energy metabolism in the tricarboxylic acid cycle (krebs cycle) Deficiency: Pellegra (diarrhea, dementia, dermatitis, death); inflamed, swollen, smooth bright red tongue Toxicity: painful flush; liver damage; impaired glucose tolerance Sources: protein-rich foods (milk, eggs, poultry, meat); whole & enriched grains; nuts Thiamin Functions: part of the coenzyme TPP (thiamin pyrophosphate) used in energy metabolism in the tricarboxylic acid cycle (krebs cycle) Toxicity: none known Deficiency: Beri Beri (edema & muscle wasting); enlarged heart & heart failure Sources: whole & enriched grains; pork Vitamin B12 Function: part of coenzymes used in cell synthesis; nerve cell maintenance Toxicity: none reported Deficiency: pernicious anemia (megaloblastic anemia); fatigue; peripheral nerve damage & paralysis; sore tounge Sources: animal foods; fortified cereals
Minerals: Calcium Functions: mineralization of bones & teeth, muscle contraction, nerve function, blood clotting, blood pressure Sources: milk, cheese, yogurt, ice cream, calcium fortified foods, kale, turnip greens, collard greens Calcium Deficiency Sxs Bone loss, and stunted growth in kids Calcium Toxicity Sxs Constipation, increased urinary stone formation Zinc Functions: a part of insulin and many enzymes, wound healing, sperm production, immune function, involved in making genetic material Sources: meat, seafood, fish, poultry, whole grains, fortified grains Zinc Deficiency Sxs Growth retardation, suppressed immune function, hair loss Zinc Toxicity Sxs Loss of appetite, impaired immunity Fluoride Functions: maintains healthy bones (role in bone

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