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21. Egyptian hieroglyphics were used for all of the following excepta. business accounting. b. poetry. c. carving bones and shells. d. religious texts. Answer: c Page: 22 Factual 22. The Old Kingdom of Egypt collapsed amidst a. the invasion of the Hyksos from Western Asia. b. internal turmoil and political decentralization. c. the Exodus of Hebrew slaves. d. attacks by Nubian nomads who destroyed irrigation canals. Answer: b Page: 21 Factual 23. The New Kingdom was different from earlier periods of Egyptian history because a. Egypt was ruled by foreign-born pharaohs. b. Egypt shrank in size and was limited mainly to Upper Egypt. c. Egyptian rulers pursued foreign expansion and created a large empire. d. Egyptians abandoned their old gods for new ones from Greece. Answer: c Pages: 21-22 Factual 24. In ancient Egypt, maatwas a. the legendary creator god who had blessed Egypt. b. the pharoah’s chief advisor. c. the highest virtue combining the ideas of truth, justice, and order. d. the name for all areas outside of Egypt. Answer: c Page: 20 Factual 25. What does the scene from the Book of the Deadshown in your text say about Egyptian views of the afterlife? a. The afterworld was a gloomy and dark place. b. The path to the afterlife was filled with trials and tests. c. Everyone passed into the afterlife forever. d. The gods of the dead resembled humans. Answer: b Page: 24 Conceptual 26. How was the worship of the god Aten (sun disc) different from customary religious practice in ancient Egypt? a. Aten was a universal creator God to be worshipped above all others. b. Aten took the form of a circle, or disc, with hand stretching out from it. c. Aten had a special relationship with the ruler Amunhotep IV and his wife Nefertiti. d. All of these answers are correct. Answer: d Page: 23 Conceptual 27. A significant difference between the early government of the Hittites and that of Mesopotamia was that a. the Hittite kings did not claim to represent the divine. b. succession to the Hittite throne had to be ratified by an assembled army. c. a council of nobles limited the Hittite king’s power. d. All of these answers are correct. Answer: d Page: 26 Conceptual
5 28. The Assyrians were famous for their a. fierce and well-disciplined military. b. delicate bronze and copper artwork. c. mathematical and astronomical skills. d. limitation on the power of their kings. Answer: a Page: 27 Conceptual