FUNDAMENTALS OF CRIMINAL INVESTIGATION]FL VARGAS COLLEGE ARMANDO ANGEL TOLENTINO, JR., MPA, RCRIM Page 6 37.Undercover work- disguises and pretext cover and deception are used to gain the confidence of criminal suspects 38.Arrest-the taking of a person into custody in order that he may be bound to answer for the commission of an offense.39.Search-an examination of an individual’s person, house, papers or effects, or other buildings and premises to discover contrabands or some evidence of guilt to be used in the prosecution of a criminal action.40.Seizure-the confiscation of personal property by virtue of a search warrant issued for the purpose. 41.Warrant of Arrest-an order in writing issued in the name of the People of the Philippines, signed by a judge and directed to a peace officer, commanding him to arrest a person and bring him before the court.42.A search warrant-an order in writing issued in the name of the People of the Philippines, signed by a judge and directed to a peace officer, commanding him to search for personal property described therein and bring it before the court. 43.Felony- an act or omission in violation of the Revised Penal Code 44.Offense- an act or omission in violation of the Special Penal Laws. 45.Crime - an act or omission in in violation of a public law forbidding or commanding it. 46.Misdemeanor - a minor infraction of law such as violation of an ordinance. 47.Malum in se /Mala in se–the act is inherently evil or bad or per se wrongful. 48.Mala Prohibita/Malum Prohibitum- the act is wrong because there is a law punishing it.
[FUNDAMENTALS OF CRIMINAL INVESTIGATION]FL VARGAS COLLEGE ARMANDO ANGEL TOLENTINO, JR., MPA, RCRIM Page 7 49.Corroborative evidence- additional evidence of a different kind and character tending to prove the same point as that of previously offered evidence. A told that X bumped his car by Y green car. When B examined X car he saw green paint in the bumper of his car. 50.Secondary evidence- that which indicates the existence of a more original source of information. Weak evidence, like photocopy (xerox). 51.Cumulative evidence- additional evidence of the same kind bearing on the same point. Testimony repetitive of testimony given earlier. 52.Primary evidence- that which the law regards as affording the greatest certainty. (also known as best evidence) Showing an original document against a photocopy. 53.Police Blotteris an 18” x 12” logbook with hard-bound cover that contains the daily register of all crime incident reports, official summary of arrests, and other significant events reported in a police station. 54.Entrapment - ways and means are resorted for the purpose of trapping and capturing the law breaker during the execution of a criminal act.
[FUNDAMENTALS OF CRIMINAL INVESTIGATION]FL VARGAS COLLEGE ARMANDO ANGEL TOLENTINO, JR., MPA, RCRIM Page 8 EARLY CONTRIBUTORSEugene Francois Vidocq –a former convict who became the head of Surete, which was recognized at that time as France’spremier detective agency. He is credited for his effective use of criminals to catch criminals.