A deficiency of WBCs, called _leukopenia_, can also indicate a variety of infections including AIDS.What is leukemia? Granulocytes: Why is this group called granulocytes? Neutrophils: What is their function? What does diapedesis mean? Eosinophils:Eosinophils have coarse granules that stain deep _red , a _bi_-lobed nucleus.What are their functions? _.Basophils produce chemicals, what are the functions of these chemicals? Agranulocytes:Why are they called agranulocytes? 4
Monocytes: Monocytes are the _ largest _ blood cells, have _ oval _-shaped nuclei. What is the function of the monocytes? To phagocytize bacteria and debris. Lymphocytes: Lymphocytes are long-lived, have a large, _ spherical _ nucleus. What is their function? To help with immune response. Platelets = thrombocytes : Blood platelets are fragments of big cells called _ megakaryocytes _. Platelets help repair damaged blood vessels by _ adhering _ to their broken edges. Plasma: Plasma is the clear, straw-colored fluid portion of the blood. Plasma is mostly _ water _ but contains a variety of substances. What are plasma’s functions? Plasma proteins:The plasma proteins are the most abundant dissolved substances in the plasma.Briefly describe the functions of the following plasma proteins. 5
Other Plasma Components: Nutrients and Gases What are the two most important blood gases? Oxygen and CO2 The plasma nutrients include amino acids, monosaccharides, nucleotides, and lipids. Lipoproteins: HDL, LDL, VLDL, and chylomicrons . Nonprotein Nitrogenous Substances: A mino acids, urea, and uric acid. Urea and Uric acids are often disposed in the urine . Plasma electrolytes Electrolytes are absorbed by the intestine or are by-products of cellular metabolism.
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