Social problems were becoming more acute because of

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social problems were becoming more acute because of the convention of land being divided equally among all the children who inherited it. Combined with rapid population growth (8%) this resulted more frequent famine of 1907-11 is estimated to have claimed ca. 25 million lives. Some peasants had to pay 80 per cent of their harvest. Many peasants would be driven to the cities by poverty, where there already was a high unemployment. Even today, there is still an extreme gapbetween the rich and the poor and the population in China keeps on growing.The second most important cause of the Chinese Civil war is the foreign influence of countries like England and America on China. Hong Kong was under British rule from 1841 to 1997 as well as Shanghai and Macau was under Portuguese rule. The loss of these cities has hit China very hard as these cities were port cities and were of great importance to international trade. During this period of time the inhabitants of these port cities got very influenced by the European culture. Therefor many European companies went to these cities which created a lot of jobs for the local. This influence on the inhabitants led to the self-strengthening movement in the 19th-century whichwas a push to modernise China, particularly in the fields of industry and defence. It also caused

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