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present, it does touch on several societal issues as well. One verse deals specifically with John Coltrane:John Coltrane, a man supreme He was the creamHe was the Wise One. The impression of Afro BlueAnd of the Promise that was not keptHe was a Giant Step
At first glance, the lyrics are referring to several of Coltrane’s compositions including “A Love Supreme,” “Wise One,” “Impressions,” “Afro Blue,” “The Promise,” and “Giant Steps,” however, Dr. Jesse Stuart suggest the line, “The promise that was not kept” hints at the oppressive social conditions that surrounded Coltrane’s music, as well as those surrounding Jazz, Hip Hop, and African American experience more generally. Another important issue the song brings attention to is the cultural appropriation of the African-American culture, as well as the co-opting of innovation of African-American musicians by White musicians, and in particular, Paul Whiteman, the self-proclaimed “King of Jazz during the 1930s swing era, and the creation of a parallel historical narrative that ignores the African-American origins of jazz. Now listen see, the real mysteryIs how music historyCreated Paul WhitemanOr any other white manThat pretended he originatedAnd contended that he innovatedA Jazz thingA Tribe Called Quest: Members:1.Q-Tip2.Kamaal Ibn John Fareed3.Ali Shaheed Muhammed4.Phife Dawg5.Malik Taylor6.Jarobi WhiteOrigin: St. Albans, Queens, New York CityPart of Native Tongues collectiveCollaborated with jazz bassist Ron Carter on “Verses From the Abstract,”A Tribe Called Quest, “Verses From the Abstract,” The Low End Theory. 1991. Digital Planets:Members:1.Mary Ann “Ladybug Mecca” Viera2.Ishmael “Butterfly” Butler3.Craig “Doodlebug” IrvingOrigin: Brooklyn, New YorkBrought Jazz Rap commercial and critical acceptance with their 1992 album Reachin (A New Refutation of Time and Space and the single “Rebirth of Slick (Cool Like Dat)“Rebirth of Slick (Cool like Dat)” reached #15 on the Billboard 200 ChartWon the Grammy award for Best Rap Performance in 1994
Digital Planets. “Rebirth of Slick (Cool Like Dat)” (A New Refutation of Time and Space,1992)Eric B. & Rakim, “Paid in Full,” Paid in Full. 1987. Public Enemy, “Fight the Power,” It takes a nation of millions to hold us back. 1989. DJ Jazzy Jeff and The Fresh Prince, “Summertime” Homebase. 1991Salt-N-Pepa, “Push It” 1988. We gotta know these tracks as we gonna identify these bitches on next week quiz.