The word post refers to the focus on events that

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The word ‘post’ refers to the focus on events that happened after formal colonialism ended in the early 1960s Post-Colonialism: Edward Said’s Orientalism o Orientalism is a Western style of thought that creates a false opposition between the Orient (East) and Occident (West) o East is naturalized as inferior to the West Types of Orientalism 1 Academic - superiority 2 Imaginative – superiority art and novels 3 Institutional – institutions gain control of things in the east
Critical Race Theory Racism is endemic to American life and must be eliminated Acts of racism are not individual, isolated, or random events Insights on contextual/historical analysis of the law Value in drawing on experience Interdisciplinary Intersectional Lens of historical racism ; Hurricane Katrina Lecture 6 – Oct 22 nd , 2019 Connection between Sociological theory and research questions? Sociological Theory & Research Questions (Image) Difference between quantitative and qualitative research approaches? Difference between inductive and deductive reasoning? Quantitative: o Numerical data o Determining significant relationships between variables o Generalizable o Comparative (E.g., What is the percentage of first generation students that go to school vs that don’t go to school) Qualitative: o Non-numerical data o Smaller sample sizes o Interviewing and observation o Researchers are research ‘instruments’ (E.g. What are the challenges that first gen perceive to getting help at school?) Systems of Reasoning Inductive Logic: o Move from data to theory o Gather information about a topic before developing theories about how to explain particular aspects o Most often use a qualitative approach
Deductive Logic: o Move from theory to data o Develop a theory or set of theories to explain or predict a pattern and then test the theory o Most often use quantitative approach What is involved in the Overall research process? Begin with an a rea of interest Conduct a literature review Develop a specific research question or questions Choose a research method Determine where, and with whom, you will get your information Submit ethical review application Gather data Analyze data Report findings What are the essential concepts involved in conducting research? Hypothesis o Quantitative research begins with a testable theory o A tentative statement about a particular relationship that can be tested empirically Variables are used to measure relationships o Independent variable : can be varied or manipulated o Dependent variable : is the reaction (or lack thereof) to the manipulation Operational definition o Describes how a variable is measured -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Lecture 7 – October 29 th , 2019 What is the difference between equity and equality? Equity = fairness Equality = sameness Equality of treatment leads to injustice in that it fails to recognize the differences in people’s needs during the distribution of social rewards Fair treatment may require unequal treatment Example: Bring in a chocolate cake to class

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