Primary function glorify yawehgod overarching theme

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primary function: glorify Yaweh(God) overarching theme: glory of God, and his plan for mankind relationship of will and purpose of God to designs of man general principles that underlie old testament concept of history will and purpose of god; the designs of man in harmony: man prospers collide: man gets in trouble interaction between the divine plan and mortal actions history god is at work through historical events Terminology: 3 terms designate the same people: Hebrews; Israelites; and Jews. not exact equivalents, Hebrew(ethnicity, language); Israelites(geographical, national term); Jews(religious term) but often used interchangeably. God of the Jews: Yaweh—later became god of Jews and the Muslims Old testamnet’s theme: Law, Prophets, Writings Pentateuch ( Genesis , Exodus , Leviticus , Numbers , Deuteronomy ) Chronicles, Kings, Samuelv are not history in the modern sense of the world; they are doctrines of causation: why do things happen in Old T., causation is mostly due to the will of god; this is theology in modern sense, not history
nonetheless, the information about early history shown in the Old T., makes is valuable. In using the bible as historical evidence, we must examine it in a historical point of view in historical reading of the bible is fundamentally different than a religious reading; for a historian, it’s just like an ancient text; subject to rigorous rules of evidence religions have sacred books; history does not Earlier history is very uncertain, but according to Old. T., Abraham and the “Patriarchs” Came from the city of Ur in Mesopotamia, he met his god Yaweh in Haran, north of Mesopt. Semitic arrival in Palestine (ca. 2000-1750) Mesopotamian origins evident in several passages of the Old. T Story of the Flood very likely that the legend of the Flood originates in Mesopotamia. (Gilgamesh) Jacob and his sons suffer a famine decides to move to Egypt possible that some of the Hebrews formed a part of the Hyksos invasion during the 2 nd intermediate period Hyksos came from Syria and Palenstine, just like the Jews They clearly had Semitic names; Hyksos worshiped the Semitic gods problem: in Exodus, the Hebrews are being enslaved by the Pharaoh in Egypt., how does the successful invasion force end up as slaves? freedom of status resulted from the expulsion of the hyksos rulers, at the begin. Of 18 the dynasty. Those that were left behind were in slavery according to exodus, these Jews are delivered from slavery by Moses no record in the Egyptian history, but it’s understandable in the Egyptian view point; possibly exaggerated the event, of getting out of Egypt, since it was such a huge deal Slavery in Egypt and Exodus relation to Hyksos? Moses and the Ten Commandments huge step in the development of Judaism inaugurates a new covenant (Sinai covenant) changes to monotheism: 1 st commandment implies that other gods exists; Yahweh becomes the first god of the Hebrews Moses comes to know god’s name: YHWH/Yahweh/Jehovah = God
Arrival in Canaan (12 th century B.C.) and reaction

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