first cousin = Catherine Howard. Friends with Wyatt. Executed by Henry VIII – because he was close with Catherine Howard and fell out of favor because of this. Developed English (Shakespearean Sonnet) First to write in blank verse, develops the sonnet form Shakespeare will later useEdmund Spenser - 1552-1599. Born to parents of modest means, but achieved status with courtiers and Elizabeth 1. Spent much of life in Ireland, promoting England’s colonization there. 1594 married ElizabethBoyle. Amoretti 1595 likely influenced with courtship with Boyle. Themes, motifs from Petrarch seen in Amoretti. However, oddly, a happy ending! Epithalamion – poem celebrating marriage Amoretti = “little loves,” or “little Cupid’s” Deliberately used archaic languagePhilip Sidney - - 1154-1586. Courtier, knight, soldier, patron, poet. Died at age 32 in battle with Catholic Spanish. Legends followed his death. As he lay dying he composed poetry. As he was dying, he gave his water to another dying man of lower rank. Famous family hmm. Composed a sonnet sequence called Astrophil and Stella 1591. 108 sonnets, 11 songs (sonnets are put into sequences). Narrative: inept, hopeless lover, Astrophil (Star-lover), and his pursuit of the unattainable beloved, Stella (star) Stella = Penelope Devereaux 1576 Discussion of marriage to Devereux. 1582 – Devereaux marries Lord Robert Rich. First English Sonnet Sequence!!! A bunch of poems that are put together that tell a story.
William Shakespeare - Baptized 26 April 1654. – don’t know when he was actually born, usually thought to have been born 3 days before this baptismal. Married Anne Hathaway when he was 18 and she was 26. Hathaway was pregnant at the time of their marriage Children Susanna (1583) and twins Hamnet andJudith 1585. 1592: called an “upstart crow” first evidence of him being a London Playwright. Shareholder, actor, playwright. Some legal dealings recorded eg. Gets coat of arms for his father. Lived in London and Stratford. Retired to Stratford 1611-1612.Died April 23 1616, left his wife as “Second best bed” buried in Stratford-upon-AvonJohn Donne - -Born into Roman Catholic family Later converted to Protestantism and became a preacher Doubts about which religious belief was correct, cf. Satire 3 Life was grim: 12 kids, wife dead at age 33, out of favor at court Sermons were as intricate and complex as his poetry Metaphysical poet Robert Herrick - Richard Lovelace - The Grasshopper is talking about the Royalists vs. the Puritans because they’re going to screw everything up. Rude. Puritan/winter vs. cavalier/summer. Katherine Philips – wrote a poem about how terrible it was they killed the kingAndrew Marvell - early poems suggest he was a Royalist Later works align him with Parliament/Puritans Poet and politician, served as an MP Repeatedly returns to conflicting forces that cannot be reconciled, eg. – Horation ode: traditional order and revolutionary change.. Garden Poems, art (artifice) and nature. Dialogue: soul and body. To his coy mistress: ideal of courtship and reality of time.