reading guide chapter 14.docx

Contrabands tens of thousands of slaves took the

This preview shows page 3 - 4 out of 5 pages.

“Contrabands”; Tens of thousands of slaves took the opportunity of this war to flee their plantations and seek refuge behind Union lines. In order to give them legal status, Congress passed the Confiscation Act, authorizing the seizure of all property used to support the rebellion. “Contraband” was the name given to these recently freed slaves. Radical Republicans now saw a way to use wartime legislation to destroy slavery. The Emancipation Proclamation; Five days of the Union’s victory at Antietam, Lincoln issued The Emancipation Proclamation. This proclamation declared that slavery would be legally abolished in all states that remained out of the Union on January 1, 1863, which gave the rebel states 100 days in which to preserve slavery by renouncing secession. Vicksburg and Gettysburg; The fate of the recently made Emancipation Proclamation would depend on the political success of the Republican Party and the military victories of the Union
Image of page 3

Subscribe to view the full document.

armies. Democrats had registered large political gains in the 1862 elections, and popular support was growing for a negotiated peace. Two brilliant victories in Virginia by Lee (Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville), caused further erosion of northern support for the war. The Union Victorious, 1864-1865; The Union victories of 1863 meant that the South could no longer win its independence through a decisive military triumph, however, they still hoped for a stalemate on the battlefield and a negotiated peace. Lincoln faced a new daunting task, retaining support of the northern votes, as the bloody war entered its fourth year. The Impact of Black Troops; Black troops were refused the opportunity to enlist. Blacks still formed regiments in New England, South Carolina, Louisiana, and Kansas, and were eager to join the fighting. Public opinion began to change when the Emancipation Proclamation was made though, and from that point on, black soldiers were more and more widely accepted. Capable Generals Take Command; As blacks continued to enlist in the Union Army, Lincoln finally found a capable and ruthless commanding general. In March of 1864, Lincoln placed General Ulysses S. Grant in charge of the Union armies and created a unified structure of command. In May of 1864, Grant ordered major new offensives on two fronts. He personally led the 115,000 troops of the Army of the Potomac and set out to destroy Lee’s force of 75,000 in Virginia. He instructed General William Tecumseh Sherman, who shared his ruthlessness, to invade Georgia and take Atlanta. As Grant fought Lee, he lost 55,000 troops to the Confederate losses of only 31,000, and psychological tolls were seen in soldiers on both sides. Thousands deserted. The Election of 1864 and Sherman’s March; As the siege at Petersburg dragon on, the president’s hopes for reelection increasingly depended on General Sherman in Georgia. At first Sherman was very successful he eventually came to a stalemate and seemed bogged down in a hopeless campaign.
Image of page 4
You've reached the end of this preview.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern