D sent federal marshalls looking for runaways e

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d.Sent federal Marshalls looking for runaways e.Northern’s attached Marshalls and vigilance committees helped slaves escape to Canadaf.Anthony Burnsf.i.g.Personal liberty Lawsg.i.Nine states passed this- designed to interfere with the enforcement of the act 7.Harriet Beecher Stowe, Uncle Tom’s Cabina.Which so aroused Northern feeling against slavery in the United States that it is considered one of the causes of the American Civil War. b.Presented the horrors of slavery in vivid human termsc.Aroused anti-southern feelings and sympathy for slaves in the north 8.Kansas- Nebraska Acta.The Nebraska Territory was to be divided into two units — Kansas and Nebraskab.The question of slavery, which had seemingly been answered, was to be decided by "popular sovereignty"—allowing the territorial legislatures to decide.c.The sponsor of the act, Stephen A. Douglas, was a proponent of popular sovereignty and suggested that Kansas and Nebraska (where slavery had previously been prohibited under the Missouri Compromise of 1820) be permitted to choose between becoming slave states or free states.d.The Kansas-Nebraska Act fanned the flames of sectionalism that led to the demise of the Whig Party, the division of the Democrats into Northern and Southern wings, and the birth of the Republican Party, which was formed in 1854 in opposition to the expansion of slavery into the territories. e.The reopening of the slavery question in the territories with almost immediate tragic results in “Bleeding Kansas, president's hope for reelection dashed, complete realignment of the major political partiesf.The Democrats lost influence in the North and were to become the regional proslavery party of the Southg.The Whig Party, which had opposed the Kansas-Nebraska Act, died in the South and was weakened in the North9.Free Soil and Free Labor a.There were many free soilers in the north and they were racistb.If slavery invaded the territories, it would discourage and drive out free labor 10.Gadsden Purchase a.Treaty transferred ownership of a small strip of land covering part of present-day New Mexico and Arizona, from Mexico to the United States for the sum of $10 million. b.The United States wanted the land for the southern route of the transcontinental railroad as proposed by James Gadsdenc.Northerners objected to the transcontinental railroad being constructed on a southern route. 11.John A. Quitman, William Walker, filibusteringa.He was the former gov’r of Mississippi and a planned a filibuster (an unofficial military expedition) to seize Cuba from Spain
a.i.Pierce forced Quitman to the expedition when northern started to think it was a way to have more slave powerb.The idea to expand in the Caribbean excited him, he made himself chief political force in Nicaragua (reinstituted slavery there and talked of making Nicaragua as a colony) 12.Ostend Manifestoa.

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