Constructed around the idea that followers move forward and backward along the developmental continuum, which represents the relative competence and commitment of followers Effective leaders: determining where followers are on developmental continuum and adapt leadership styles so they directly match their style to that development level STRENGTHS
Has a history of usefulness in the marketplace Practicality – easy to understand, intuitively sensible, and easily applied in a variety of settings It has prescriptive value – tells you what you should and should not do in a variety of contexts Emphasizes leader flexibility Reminds us to treat each follower differently based on the goal at hand and to seek opportunities to help followers learn new skills and become more confident in their work CRITICISMS Only a few research studies have been conducted to justify the assumptions and propositions set forth by the approach Ambiguous conceptualization in the model of followers’ development levels – how is commitment combined with competence to form four distinct levels of development? Concern with how commitment itself is conceptualized in the model How the model matches leader style with follower development levels—the prescriptions of the model studies failed to find strong evidence to support the basic prescriptions suggested in the situational approach. Fails to account for how certain demographic characteristics (e.g., education, experience, age, and gender) influence the leader–follower prescriptions of the model The questionnaires are constructed to force respondents to describe leadership style in terms of four specific parameters *** do situations as practice **** CHAPTER 6 Path-goal theory: how leaders motivate followers to accomplish designated goals Goal of this theory: enhance follower performance and follower satisfaction by focusing on follower motivation Path–goal theory emphasizes the relationship between the leader’s style and the characteristics of the followers and the organizational setting – use leadership style that best suits follower’s motivational needs Motivation conceptualized from the perspective of expectancy theory of motivation Expectancy theory: followers will be motivated if they think they are capable of performing their work, if they believe their efforts will result in a certain outcome, and if they believe that the payoffs for doing the work are worthwhile leader needs to understand goals of each follower and choose how to reward them for meeting those goals MAJOR COMPONENTS OF PATH GOAL THEORY: Leader Behaviors o Directive : gives followers instructions about their task, including what is expected of them, how it is to be done, and the timeline for when it should be completed o Supportive: being friendly and approachable as a leader and includes attending to the well-being and human needs of followers
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- Fall '13