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Ref dr el sayegh role of occlusion in periodontal

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Ref: Dr. El sayegh –Role of occlusion in periodontal diseasePathologic tooth migrationT lymphocytes play a primary role inA.Antibody productionB.Activation of complementC.Immediate hypersensitivityD.Antigen-antibody complexesE.Lymphokine production and delayed hypersensitivityAnswer: ERef: Carranza, page no: 141The location and extent of sub-gingival calculus is most accurately determined clinicallybyA.Radiopaque solution used in conjunction with radiographsB.Disclosing solutionC.Probing with a fine instrumentD.Visual inspectionAnswer :CRef : Carranza, page no: 459-principles of periodontal instrumentationThe predominant types of inflammatory cells present in CHRONIC gingivitis areA.polymorphonuclear leukocytesB.Monocytes and polymorphonuclear leukocytesC.Lymphocytes and plasma cellsD.EosiophilsE.Mast cellAnswer :CRef:Caranza, page no : 219-chapter: Gingival DiseaseGingivitis can be diagnosed radiographically byA.Loss of lamina dura.B.Horizontal bone resorption.C.Thickening of the periodontal ligament space.D.None of the aboveAnswer: DRef: self explanatory, there is no radiograghic finding associated with gingivitisThe signs of chronic periodontitis include:1.Inflammation.2.Degeneration.3.Bone resorption.4.No bone resorption.5.Periodontal pocket.A.(1) (2) (4)
B.(1) (2) (3)C.(1) (3) (5)D.(2) (3) (5)E.(2) (4) (5)Answer:DRef:Carranza page number:282 & 290 Degeneration-Gradual deterioration of specific tissues, cells, or organs with correspondingimpairment or loss of function, caused by injury,disease, or aging.A characteristics of a true periodontal pocket is:A.Gingival edema.B.Gingival hyperplasia.C.Alveolar bone loss.D.None of the above.Answer:CRef: Carranza ,chapter 22, The periodontal pocket page no : 281Which of the following would differentiate clinically between an acute periapical abscessand an acuteperiodontal abscess on a single root tooth?A.Palpation.B.Use of local anesthetic.C.Percussion.D.Pulp vitality test.Answer :DRef: Perio Dr.Elsayegh’s note –periodontal abscesses and emergenciesIn Periodontal abscess- tooth is vitalClinical Diagnosis of necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis is confirmed by:A.Microbiological culture of organisms.B.Microscopic examination of a Gram stained smear.C.Antibiotic sensitivity testing.D.Serological testing.Answer:BRef: Carranza page no: 252- chapter: periodontal pathologyDiagnosis is based onclinical findings. A bacterial smear may be used to correlate the clinicaldiagnosis.The predominant cells in the inflammatory exudates of an acute periodontal abscessare:A.Neutrophils.B.Eosinophils.C.Basophils.D.Lymphocytes.E.Monocytes.Answer: ARef: Carranza page no: 294- chapter : periodontal pathologyWhich of the following is an oral clinical sign(s) of leukemia?
A.Swollen soft gingival.

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Test, Periodontitis, A Temporal, Contemporary Orthodontics, C Frontal, C Hypothyroidism

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