Paraphrase in academic writing paraphrasing is an

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PARAPHRASE In academic writing, paraphrasing is an important skill to use while supporting your ideas. Paraphrasing is writing the ideas of another person (usually an authority) in your own words, without changing the meaning. In other words, while keeping all the ideas as they are, you should change the wording and structure of the original. Although you write the text in your own style using your own words, you have to acknowledge the source by giving in-text reference as the ideas do not belong to you. There might be several reasons why writers may want to paraphrase. The most common ones are as follows: o It is easier to integrate the ideas of anothe r writer or authority’s opinion via paraphrasing into your own writing. o It helps to make your writing more coherent as you can change the wording and the style of the original, which can help you maintain a smooth flow. o It is useful when borrowing information which is important but not worthy of quoting as the language of the original is not unique. CITATION Once you find the relevant and appropriate sources for your topic, the next step is to use these sources in your writing, which helps build credibility throughout your paper. This can be done by a system of citation, which is the way you tell your readers that certain parts in your writing came from another source. Indeed, it is a reference to the source of information used in your research to help you avoid plagiarism.
Republic of the Philippines PHILIPPINE STATE COLLEGE OF AERONAUTICS INSTITUTE OF LIBERAL ARTS AND SCIENCES Piccio Garden, Villamor, Pasay City PURPOSIVE COMMUNICATION 9 FINAL PERIOD: MODULE 03 Why do you need to cite? Because citations: document your research help you to avoid accusations of plagiarism give credit to the original author strengthen your arguments as they show your arguments are based on research and, in this way, brings authority to your argument improve your academic writing by providing all intellectual basis for your writing create greater impact on your readers When do you need to cite? When you use words of other’s (direct quote) use ideas of other’s (paraphrase/ summary/synthesis) make specific reference to the work of other Use citations meaningfully Do not use a citation for the sake of using it. Choose and place it wisely in your essay so that the citation you use performs a function and serves for a purpose such as the following: a) to define something b) to give background information c) to provide evidence to support a claim d) to give an example to support a claim e) to present a theoretical framework f) to support your own voice with expert opinion g) to present different points of view How can you site? There are different ways/styles of referring to other writers’ work such as APA, MLA, Chicago Manual, and Harvard. Universities and disciplines may differ in the style they prefer so you need to make sure which style you are required to use before writing your papers because the format of the citation may change depending

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