Failure to comply with social norms They perform

Failure to comply with social norms they perform

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Symptoms/Characteristics: Failure to comply with social norms. They perform actions that most of us would find unacceptable like, stealing from friends and family. They are Irresponsible, impulsive and deceitful , 6 criteria checklist (Harpur): superficial charm, grandiose sense of self-worth, pathological liar’s, manipulative, lack remorse or guilt, lack empathy. Known as “Social predators” who charm manipulate, and ruthlessly plow their way through life leaving a trail of broken hearts, shattered expectations, and empty wallets. Lack conscience and empathy…violate social norms with no regret or guilt. People with Antisocial PD commonly use drugs and their outcome in maladaptive behavior is usually poor , regardless of gender. Other names used for this disorder is moral insanity, egopathy, sociopathy, psychopathy. Development: children who violate social norms long term follows up research: children w/ CD develop antisocial PD & psychopathy. Ex: in class where kids turn into serial killers Causes: mostly diagnosed in boys, Genetic influence is caused on antisocial PD and criminality.
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Treatments: rarely think they need help, few documented success stories , early treatment for children can help with high risks, CBT reduced likelihood of violence in 5years treatment. o Borderline: A pervasive pattern of instability of interpersonal relationships, self- images, affects, and control over impulses. Symptoms/Characteristics: BP is the most common PD observed in clinical settings it is observed in every culture & is seen 1-2%. They tend to have turbulent relationships, fearing abandonment and lack control over their emotions. Engage in suicidal behaviors, cutting, burning, or pinching themselves 10% die of suicide, long term outcome for ppl with BD is encouraging, 9/10 patients w/ BPD achieve remission after seeking treatment. Emotional dysfunction is the core feature of BPD. “stably unstable” Causes: BPD is more prevalent in families w/ this disorder, linked with mood disorders, higher rate for monozygotic twins. Risk factor for BPD is early trauma, sexual and physical abuse. PPl with BPD are more likely to report abuse than healthy individuals. Treatments: Are likely to seek treatment for anxiety & mood disorder, Medical treatment: mood stabilizers , clinicians are reluctant to work w/ people who have BPD. o Histrionic: A pervasive pattern of excessive emotion and attention seeking. Overly dramatic & seem as if they are acting. Symptoms/Characteristics: Emotions are expressed in an exaggerated fashion. Vain, self- centered, seductive, and uncomfortable when they aren’t in the spotlight. Seek reassurance & approval from others and may become angry when other do not attend to them or praise. Impulsive & have a hard time delaying gratification, they view situations black & white. Causes: Little research has been done Treatments: great deal of ways to help ppl with this disorder but little research demonstrates success. Psychotherapy could be used Categorical vs. Dimensional models of personality disorders (pg 450) Clusters (pg 451) o Dimensions: when we talk about problem of degree (e.g., suspiciousness problematic at a certain
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