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Joseph haydn 0606 born in austria in 1732 one of the

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JOSEPH HAYDN (06.06)Born in Austria in 1732One of the most prolific composers of the Classical periodHis musical impacts are reflected in his titles: “Father of the Symphony” and “Father of the StringQuartet”; left a strong legacy in both of these areasHis musical talents were recognized early and he received training and worked in many venuesIn 1761, he was offered a position with the Esterhazy family, one of the richest and mostimportant families in Austria (he composed, played chamber music, watched over the orchestra,and arranged opera performances for the family and their guests).In the 30 years he worked for the family, he composed a great number of musical pieces in arange of styles.As he spent a great deal of time on the family’s rural estate, he was relatively isolated from theother composers at the time.He would argue that this forced him to be more creative with his work.In 1790, Haydn was offered a pension and he became free to travel.He accepted an offer to go to London and compose symphonies for a large orchestra.The enterprise was a great success, both in increasing Haydn’s fame as a composer andin making himself financially secure.By the late 1790s, he had returned to Austria and spent time composing religious works on alarger scale.In 1802, an illness made it impossible for him to continue composing.He died in 1809 at the age of 77.His work influenced a number of different musical areas:He was a fundamental part of the development of the sonata form.His working relationship with the Esterhazy family also allowed Haydn to explore andexperiment with different forms of composing, particular the symphony, which someargue he virtually invented as a modern form of music.In fact, he composed over 100 full symphonies during his lifetime.Some of his best symphonies were created while he was in the employ of the Esterhazyfamily.He impacted Mozart and Beethoven even though he is often overshadowed by them.One of the aspects that Haydn’s work is known for is the musical humor that often permeatedhis work.
Some of his works contain false endings, and he also placed surprising notes and chordsin key places of the music.Overall, his work tended to be light and upbeat, a characteristic of the Classical period.WOLFGANG AMADEUS MOZART (06.07)Perhaps one of the most influential composer of not only the Classical period, but of all time.Born in 1756, he began composing pieces by the age of 5.As he aged, he held a number of positions, including that of a court musician in Salzburg.His position game him the opportunity to compose in a number of different musical forms.Between 1774-1777, Mozart wrote all of his violin concertos as well as chamber music,symphonies, and masses.

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Term
Fall
Professor
Gonzales
Tags
Music, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Mozart

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