Made major changes to johnsons programs to appeal to

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Made major changes to Johnson’s programs to appeal to republicans and to appeal to the south on racial issuesInitially, The Department of Health, Education, and Welfare (HEW) stalled desegregationof southern schools until it was forced into it by federal court orders.When Nixon was forced to make the change, he said that segregation was inadmissible and united southern schools together in the south in terms of raceMost all black southern schools were merged with other public schools, and by 1970, less than 10 percent of black students attended all black schoolsWas still opposed to busing, and wanted to ban national enforcement of itPassed and ended the use of federal funds for busingProposed changes to the 1965 Voting Rights Act in 1970 would have had voting-rights lawsuits be tried first in state courts, which could have given back the South a lot of power in stopping enforcement of the lawWas stopped by house republicansProvided training and employment openings to minorities on federally funded construction projectsBegan using race and percentage goals to implement desegregation - beginning of affirmative actionCrime rose before and during Nixon administration, and Nixon passed four measures to try to enforce law and order in the US: the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act (1968), the Organized Crime Control Act, the Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act (1970), and the District of Columbia Criminal Procedures Act. War on illegal drugs (which was unsuccessful), emphasis on wiretapping and preventive detentionDid little to lower crime rates, which was its goal but was mostly locally enforcedGave federal government control over welfare programs for blind, old and disabled and increased welfare spending by 2 millionNixon proposed the New Federalism program in response to the pleas of governors and mayors, hard hit by demands for new services and revenue shortfalls caused by recession.
Various narrow categorical grants were consolidated into "block grants" to give states more flexibility in programming fundsCongress also passed a Nixon initiative to provide the states and cities with $30 billion in federal revenues over a five-year period. Responding to the demands of environmentalists, Nixon proposed legislation that led to the creation of the Council on Environmental Quality (1969), the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (1970), and the Environmental Protection Agency (1970). Nixon administration had pragmatic and innovative domestic policies despite having a conservative and apathetic rhetoricRe-election of 1972:Nixon won majorities in every southern state in 1972Nixon won 61 percent of the vote and every state but Massachusetts in a landslide victory over the extremely liberal democratic candidate George McGovernWon because Mcgovern was anti-war, anti-establishment, and too liberal, and because the southern populist George Foster Wallace was assassinated before the election

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