The american courts across different states in the us

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prison in California and elsewhere in the world. The American courts across different states in the U.S have sentenced over 80,000-second strike offenders and 7,500 three strike offenders to state prisons distributed across the U.S (Tonry, 2014). 43,000 inmates were serving a jail sentence by 2014 under the three strikes legislation. This number almost accounts for 26% of the inmates’ population in state prisons in the U.S. Since the implementation of the third strike law, the population of striker inmates grew steadily from 1994 to 2004. However, as time went by the number of striker inmates started declining. Many of the second striker inmates can complete their sentences and others second striker inmates have been paroled. The reduction of striker inmates has been attributed to the fact that judges and attorneys exercise discretion in trying to dismiss prior latter and three strikes cases. When judges use caution, third strike cases can be reduced to up to 25-45%, and this means that inmates can get shorter sentences. Currently, the most common three strike offenses that perpetrators are serving include crimes like robbery with violence, burglary, possession of drugs and assaults. As of 2014, the numbers strikers convicted of crimes against persons stood at 37% (Tonry, 2014). According to the California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation, 44% of inmates were convicted of second and three strike cases which involved severe or violent crimes. The number of inmate
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THREE STRIKES LEGISLATION 7 strikers with nonserious and nonviolent crimes is much higher than striker offenders with serious and violent crimes. Inmate strikes have a more top history of severe and violent criminal offenses than those inmates with less severe and nonviolent crimes serving time in prison. Since the implementation of three strikes law, the length of prison sentences has increased to all striker offenders. Before the application of the three strikes law, the average time served by the inmates before their parole was 21 months (Lanier, 2018). Second strikers serve longer sentences than the rest of the inmates and in 2004; they served an average of 43 months before their parole was due. Striker inmates serving a third strike sentence spend a lengthened prison sentence than they would have in the absence of the three strikes legislation. It is hard to estimate the cost the prisons incur as a result of the increased number of the striker inmates, and this is because most of the repeat offenders would have found their way back in prison. As of now, it is important to note that, no striker inmate serving time under the three strikes law has yet been released, and the earliest of parole might be eligible in 2019. It is determined that once striker inmates began their parole eligibility, then the Board of Parole Hearing would have to incur more workload and resources to cater for such cases.
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