To use physical or economic force to get the local population to grow cash

To use physical or economic force to get the local

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- To use physical or economic force to get the local population to grow cash crops instead of food on their own plots and then tum them over to the colonizer for export. Taxation - the preferred colonial technique to force Africans to grow cash crops - an effective tool to "stimulate" cash cropping and a source of revenue that the colonial bureaucracy needed to enforce the system The essence of colonialism --- the extraction of wealth
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Plantations - A direct takeover of the land either by the colonizing government or by private foreign interests. - Self-provisioning farmers were forced to cultivate the plantation fields through either enslavement or economic coercion. - In 1870, the Dutch declared all uncultivated land--called waste land-property of the state for lease to Dutch plantation enterprises. - In addition, the Agrarian Land Law of 1870 authorized foreign companies to lease village-owned land. Suppressing Peasant Farming 1. Government services and even the most minimal infrastructure were systematically denied. 2. Plantations usurped most of the good land. 3. To ensure continuous cheap labor supply The most insidious tactic to "lure" the peasant away from food production—was a policy of keeping the price of imported food low through the removal of tariffs and subsidies. The suppression of indigenous agricultural development served the interests of the colonizing powers in two ways: 1. It prevent direct competition from more efficient native producers of the same crops. 2. It also guaranteed a labor force to work on the foreign-owned estates. THE MODERN WORLD SYSTEM AS A CAPITALIST WORLD-ECONOMY World-Economy - Large geographic zone within which there is a DIVISION OF LABOR and hence significant internal exchange of basic or essential goods as well as flows of capital and labor. Capitalist System - Not the mere existence of persons/firms producing sales on the market with the intention of obtaining profit. - Not the existence of persons working for wages - We are in a capitalist system only when the system gives priority to the en d less accumulation of capital - people and firms are accumulating capital in order to accumulate still more capital. Capitalist World-Economy Collection of many institutions. The basic institutions are the: 1. Market 2. Firms 3. Multiple states 4. Households 5. Classes 6. Status-groups / identities I. Market - Essential feature of a capitalist system. - Both a concrete local structure in which individuals on firms sell and buy goods and a virtual institution across space where the same kind of exchange occurs. - Magnet for producers and buyers, whose pull is a constant political factor in the decision-making of everyone. - This complete virtual world market is a reality in that it influences decision-making but it never functions fully and freely .
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Monopoly - Sellers always prefer since it create a relatively wide margin between the costs of production and the sales price.
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