I have identified problems and imperatives related to conceptualizing advanced practice nursing, reviewed a number of models, and made some recommendations for future work on conceptualizing advanced practice nursing that address problems and imperatives. The nursing profession, nationally and internationally, remains at a critical juncture with regard to advanced practice nursing. In each country in which APNs practice, the need to move forward with one voice on this issue is urgent if APNs and the nursing profession as a whole are to fulfill their social contract with the individuals, institutions, and communities we serve. A unified conceptualization of advanced practice nursing focuses the efforts of the profession on preparing APNs, promulgating policies, and fostering research to enable the realization of the outcomes stated at the beginning of this chapter, including maximizing the social contribution of APNs to the health needs of society and promoting the actualization of APNs. References Ackerman, M., Clark, J., Reed, T., Van Horn, L., Francati, M.: A nurse practitioner—managed cardiovascular intensive care unit. & & (pp In J. Hickey, R. Ouimette, S. Venegoni (Eds.): Advanced practice nursing: Changing roles and clinical applications . 2000, Lippincott, Philadelphia, 470–480. Ackerman, M.H., Mick, D., Witzel, P.: Creating an organizational model to support advanced practice. & Journal of Nursing Administration . 40 , 2010, 63– 68. Ackerman, M.H., Norsen, L., Martin, B., Wiedrich, J., Kitzman, H.J.: Development of a model of advanced practice. & American Journal of Critical Care . 5 , 1996, 68–73. Algase, D.L.: Essentials of scholarship for the DNP: Are we clear yet?. Research & Theory for Nursing Practice . 24 , 2010, 91–93. Allan, H.: A commentary on Christensen M (2011). Advancing nursing practice: Redefining the theoretical and practical integration of knowledge. Journal of Clinical Nursing . 20 , 2011, 873–881. American Association of Colleges of Nursing (AACN): AACN position statement on the practice doctorate in nursing ement.pdf , 2004. American Association of Colleges of Nursing (AACN): Fact sheet: The clinical nurse leader , 2005. American Association of Colleges of Nursing (AACN): Essentials of doctorate education for advanced nursing practice , 2006.
American Association of Colleges of Nursing (AACN): Clinical nurse leader (CNL): Frequently asked questions , 2012. American Association of Colleges of Nursing (AACN): Growth in doctoral programs 2006-2011 - only/presentations/2012/12doctoral/Potempa-Doc-Programs.pdf , 2012. American Association of Critical-Care Nurses: The AACN Synergy Model for patient care tCare.pdf , 2012.
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