German tribe chief will take over as king 7

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(German tribe chief) will take over as king 7. Conclusion- a. 476 is the end of the Roman Empire b. East and West divisions of Rome are still evident today The Spread of Christianity-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1. The Spread of Christianity- a. Slow spread b. Flourish in the 3 rd century b/c of the 3 rd century crisis c. Christianity was Rigorously exclusive—only on god d. Hope of a better, happier existence in the afterlife i. Expressed by the Apostle John e. Egalitarian—open to all people and classes f. Satisfies the psychological Need to belong 2. From Persecution to Predominance- a. Persecution by the state b. Sporadic and ineffective c. Essentially subversive d. Christians are easy Scapegoats e. Decius(emperor) (249-251)—first persecution of Christians/ issues a law that makes all citizens praise Roman gods i. Decius dies in 251 which ends this persecution 3. Diocletian- a. The best way to halt the decline of the empire is to persecute b. Persecutions take place from 303-311 4. Persecution as a Policy- a. Persecutions did not work b. It did not eliminate Christianity c. Did not stop the decline of the empire d. Constantine 5. Constantine- a. 312—Maxentius i. Battle of the Milvian Bridge
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ii. “By this sign you shall conquer”—Cairo (“P” w/ and “X” symbol) b. 313—Edict of Milan- official toleration of Christianity in the. Roman empire and ends the persecutions c. 395—Theodosius makes Christianity the official religion of Rome 6. The Rise of Papacy- a. Rudimentary church organization b. Order of apostolic succession: i. Priest—(bottom) 1. Parish—small administrative unit ii. Bishop—(middle) chief of each church/ can resolve doctrinal issues 1. Authority to resolve disputes 2. They rule over See/diocese iii. Archbishop—(top) 7. Patriarchs- (archbishops of the following) a. Alexandria b. Antioch c. Jerusalem d. Constantinople e. Rome i. Patriarch of Rome becomes known as the Pope ii. Prominence of Pope—Peter iii. Capital moved to Constantinople 8. Emperors Interference- a. Constantine b. Arianism—denies the trinity i. Arius—believe Jesus could not have been part of the trinity and that he was just a prophet ii. The trinity—the father, the son, and the holy spirit c. 325—Council of Nicaea i. Constantine appoints himself head of council d. Heresy—an incorrect believe e. Orthodoxy—a correct belief f. Catholic—orthodox Christians g. Interference was stronger in the easy The Emergence of Medieval Europe (Week 14)---------------------------------------------------------------- 1. Monasticism- a. Prominence of the Church b. Monasticism- i. Based on the idea that you can achieve a higher state of spirituality ii. It is achieved by self-denial iii. Monks c. Devotion- i. Self-torture
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ii. Simeon Stylites —climbs on top of a pillar and never comes down 2. Monastery- a. Abbot —monks leader b. The Rule - i. St. Benedict of Monte Cassino c. 5 fundamental obligations of monks - i. Chasity ii. Poverty iii. Labor iv. Religious devotions v. Absolute obedience to authority of their abbot 3. Benedictine Monasteries- a. **preserved many great classical writing b. Provided schools c. Missionary work- i. Spreads Christianity ii.
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