5.Sizea.Most effective teams have fewer than 10 members. b.Social loafing – the tendency for individuals to expend less effort when working collectively than when working individually6.Members’ Flexibilitya.Flexible individuals who can complete each other’s tasks. 7.Members’ Preference for Teamworka.High-performing teams are likely to be composed of people who prefer working as part of a teamProcess factors relating to team performance:1.Common Purposea.Having a common and meaningful purpose that provides direction, momentum, and commitment for members. This purpose is a vision. b.Reflexivity – a team characteristic of reflecting on and adjusting the master plan when necessary2.Specific Goalsa.Team goals should be challenging. Difficult goals raise team performance. 3.Team Efficacy a.The belief that teams can succeed. b.Cohesiveness – the degree to which team members are attracted to each other and are motivated to stay on the tea.4.Mental Modelsa.Knowledge and beliefs about how the work gets done5.Managed Level of Conflict a.Teams that avoid conflict also tend to have lower performance levels, forget to consider key issues, or remain unaware of important aspects of their situation.b.Effective teams are characterized by an appropriate level of conflict.c.Reducing team conflict:c.i.More, than less, informationc.ii.Multiple alternativesc.iii.Goalsc.iv.Humor (in making tough decisions)c.v.Balanced power structurec.vi.Resolve issues without forcing consensus6.Accountabilitya.Successful teams make members individually and jointly accountable for the team’s purpose, goals, and approach. They clearly define what they are individually responsible for and what they are jointly responsible for.
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