5 using examples to illustrate your answer discuss

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5. Using examples to illustrate your answer discuss the following: a)      Common core thinking skills b)      The essential components of critical thinking c)      The d isp ositions to be cultivated by a critical thinker
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1. With reference to critical and creative thinking explain the meaning of the following  phrases: a)      Intellectual courage b)      Empathy    c)      Faith in reason   d)      Self examination    PERSONAL IDENTITY: SELF-KNOWLEDGE Concern for who one is, that is, the problem of personal identity arises because of the need to identify and re-identify things or persons that are constantly undergoing change. It is the problem of oneness and sameness of a person in spite of constant change. How, for instance and I the same person I was a baby many years ago? They question''[who are you?'' is not satisfactorily answered simply by providing your name '' I am Otieno'' or '' I am James''. This is because a name is merely a label of identity not one's identity itself. The asked question is much deeper than that. It is searching for what makes you. Is it your name? Your body? Your mind? Your values? Your beliefs? Your character? Or what As a thought experiment , consider an object like a car. Replace its parts one by one. Replace one wheel, two wheels, all wheels. Do you still have the same car? Continue with the parts exchange to replace even the engine, the body color after replacing the minor parts such as spark plugs, distributor, generator etc, at what point should the Registrar of Motor vehicles demand new number plates and a new log book because the present car is not the same car as before it has a new identity. Medical technology has successfully transplanted human body organs from one individual to another routinely. One person has another's heart or kidney or lung or stomach etc. is the beneficiary of another person's heart, for instance, the same person or a different person? Think of a woman's heart in a man's body. Is the individual still a man? Supposing person A's brain is transplanted in person B's? How far can organ transplantation go without interfering with ones personal identity? An acceptable answer to the question, ''who am I?'' is to be found in such consideration as being a thinking being: being moral, rational, social, creative; long term memory and life history do reflect my personal identity to a large extent. So do yours! There are significant influences that affect our personal identity. These are 1) Heredity 2) Social environment and 3) Personal individual initiative Each one of us is largely who we are because our parents are who they are. This is a given fact indicating predetermination of our identity. We are additionally products of society. Our
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language and culture, values and attitudes are also a heritage of our social contexts. Until we begin to think for ourselves, we are fully at the mercy of our social environment.
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