P deseo hablar con el señor díaz i want to speak

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p Deseo hablar con el señor Díaz. I want to speak with Mr. Díaz. Alicia no desea bailar ahora. Alicia doesn’t want to dance now. Spanish speakers often omit subject pronouns because the verb endings indicate who the subject is. In Spanish, subject pronouns are used for emphasis, clarification, or contrast. p —¿Qué enseñan? What do they teach? Ella enseña arte y él enseña física. She teaches art, and he teaches physics. —¿Quién desea trabajar hoy? Who wants to work today? Yo no deseo trabajar hoy. I don’t want to work today. The verb gustar Gustar is different from other -ar verbs. To express your likes and dislikes, use the expression (no) me gusta + el/la + [ singular noun ] (no) me gustan + los/las + [ plural noun ]. Note: You may use the phrase a mí for emphasis, but never the subject pronoun yo . Me gusta la música clásica. I like classical music. Me gustan las clases de español y biología. I like Spanish and biology classes. A mí me gustan las artes. I like the arts. A mí no me gusta el programa. I don’t like the program. ¡Atención! Note that gustar does not behave like other -ar verbs. You must study its use carefully and pay attention to prepositions, pronouns, and agreement. AYUDA To talk about what you like and don’t like to do, use (no) me gusta + [ infinitive(s) ]. Note that the singular gusta is always used, even with more than one infinitive. p No me gusta viajar en autobús. I don’t like to travel by bus. Me gusta cantar y bailar . I like to sing and dance.
To ask a friend about likes and dislikes, use the pronoun te instead of me . Note: You may use a ti for emphasis, but never the subject pronoun . p ¿Te gusta la geografía? Do you like geography? Sí, me gusta. Y a ti, ¿te gusta el inglés? Yes, I like it. And you, do you like English? Use the construction a + [ name/pronoun ] to clarify to whom you are referring. This construction is not always necessary. ¿A ti te gusta la historia? (singular) A mí me gustan las matemáticas. (plural) Me gusta viajar. (singular) A Gabriela le gusta bailar. Gabriela likes to dance. A Sara y a él les gustan los animales. Sara and he like animals. A mí me gusta viajar. I like to travel. ¿ A ti te gustan las clases? D o you like classes? CONSULTA You can use this same structure to talk about other people by using the pronouns nos , le , and les . Unless your instructor tells you otherwise, only the me and te forms will appear on test materials until Lección 7 . Nos gusta dibujar. (nosotros) We like to draw. Nos gustan las clases de español e inglés. (nosotros) We like Spanish class and English class. No le gusta trabajar. (usted, él, ella) You don’t like to work. He/She doesn’t like to work. Les gusta el arte. (ustedes, ellos, ellas) You like art. They like art. Grammar tutorial: Present tense of -ar verbs Diagnostic Fill in the missing words or phrases.

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