Royal Saltworks at Arc-et-Senans , France (1775-1778) A space of work for the extraction of salt Valuable commodity Created an ideal working living community
16:02 Boss lived in the center, work space on either side, and worker housing surrounding it Workplace harmony, everyone knows their place Believed the building should show the function (Damnkeepers house, Gardeners Dwelling, Brothel) Enter in through a cave, relating back to salt Jeremy Bentham: Panopticon (late 18 th century) Prison design Prisoner feels that eyes are always on them Form for potential hospitals and orphanages, makes people feel like they are being helped Presidio Modelo (Model Prison): Cuba (1926-1928) Panopticon form that was actually built Anonymous: Storming of the Bastille , July 14, 1789 French Revolution Charles De Wailly, Project to transform the Pantheon (Church of St. Genevieve), Paris (1797) Puts a pyramid on the building, represents equality Dome on top Jean-Nicolas-Louis Durand and Jean-Thomas Thibault: Project for a Temple of Equality (1794) Greek Temple form stripped down Jean-Nicolas-Louis Durand: Precis of the Lectures on Architecture given at the l’Ecole imperial polytechnique (1809) School to quickly educate engineers To help further the expansion of France’s army Weekly lectures and drawings Artistic education not taught Division between architecture as art or science Taught modular system that you can use for any building
16:02 JNL Durand: Project for redesign of St. Genevieve , Paris (1802) Architecture purely as functional and economical Less materials and able to fit more people Philip James de Loutherbourg: Coalbrookdale by Night (1801) Iron Bridge : Shopshire, England (1781) First cast iron arch bridge Pieces and parts then fused together Modular system Architecture as modular units Sam Wyatt: abion Mill s, Southwark, London (1786) First steampowered grain mill Productive capacity of people changes dramatically Interior should be reflected in the fa ç ade Richard Arkwright: Cromford Mill, Derbyshire, England (1771) First major clothmill in England Use of water power Large empty floor plans Architecture not designed by architects Designed by the mill owner Straightforward functional purpose Built housing around the mill, so people would come to work and live Richard Arkwright: Masson Mill , Derbyshire, England (1783) More expensive factory Using a little more architectural fashion
16:02 Less utilitarian William Strutt: Belper North Mill , Belper, England (1804) Fire was a big problem at the time No fire exits Making mills fire-resistant Iron columns Ceilings of hollow terracotta Tile and gypsum Bricks Any wood was incased in iron Built to house machinery
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