1. Describe the pathophysiology of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Diseasea. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease refers to a group of diseases (emphysema and chronic bronchitis) that cause airflow blockage and breathing-
related problems. The main cause of COPD is long-term exposure to substances that irritate and damage the lungs. 2. Discuss the educational points that should be included when implementing standard education for the COPD patient.a. Help the patient to semi-fowlers to ensure easier breathing. In addition, ensure the patient has some supplemental oxygen if SOB is present,do not exceed over 4 L as it can take away the patients drive to breathe. If the patient is a smoker, educate the patient about the importance of smokingcessation. Educate the patient that this condition is irreversible but can be managed with smoking cessation, avoiding air pollutants, ensuring they consume a good nutrition such as eating small meals throughout the day (about 6) in order to avoid getting them overworked when eating, and maintaining a good exercise regimen to help improve activity tolerance.