Neoclassicists believed that having a strong drawing

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Neoclassicists believed that having a strong drawing was rational; therefore, they morally considered art cerebral and not sensual. Neoclassicists strived to express the sobriety and rationality fitting their times. Artists supported the rebels in the French Revolution. For instance, David asked for art that expressed clear-head thinking and an austerity reminiscent. The neoclassic style was strong and its principles were drawn from Renaissance Classicism of the 16 th century. Neoclassicism was inspired by the Grand Tour which provided illustration reports on the discovery of Roman and ancient Greek archeological sites. The Grand tour of Nicholas Revett and James Stuart informed design and style through systematically recorded works such as Antiquities of Athens. The Grand Tour was a traditional and educational passage rite that involved visiting Italy in search of culture, art, and other aspects of western civilization. Neoclassicism was an art of heroism, a civic virtue, and a severe kind of art. It called upon a new expression of style, thus the great taste. Winckelmann influenced neoclassic style to remain pure and express the virtue of the antique style. In painting, neoclassicism is characterized by taking priority over color and taking a propagandist approach. In architecture, neoclassicism movement is expressed through porches, elegant proportions, columns, and other typical antique features. Neoclassicism replaced curved lines in decorative arts with slim and
NEOCLASSICISM AND ROCOCO 12 straight lines, borrowing the ornament from the antic vocabulary. The rise of romanticism led to the decline of the neoclassic style. French Revolution and Neoclassicism The French revolution started by citizens storming the prison of Bastille in 1789. France had executed its former king and overthrown several constitutions over the years. As a result, France was in war with most of the Continent. In 1799, general Napoleon successfully seized control and claimed himself as the French emperor in 1804. This young emperor made important administrative reforms but was constantly pre-occupied by war. In 1815, he was defeated in Waterloo; he was exiled and replaced by Louis XVIII. With the revolution, painting in French regained its political and moral purpose and adopted the neoclassicism style. Neoclassical style succeeded rococo to embrace French Revolution, give décor to the Empire, and adorn the Directory. According to Spector & Eitner (1972), the neoclassic style was the dominant art movement preceding the French Revolution. The classical ideals of the French Revolution such as Ancient Rome and Athens democracy made Neoclassicism more appealing. Those classical ideals are the major force behind the French Monarchy overthrow. The reasons behind the French Revolution were famine and poverty which provoked an improved society. Throughout the revolution, the frustrations with church and monarchy turned violent. Eventually, the government replaced quasi-state with anti-clerical secularism. The hostility towards revolution explains the reason why neoclassical

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