King philip ii of spain retaliates and sends the

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King Philip II of Spain retaliates and sends the Armadad.1588—English navy defeats the ArmadaM.Age of Courtiersa.Renaissance ideal-soldier, scholar, poetb.Masquei.Courtly theatrical spectacleii.Written for a specific occasioniii.Rarely repeatediv.Song/dancev.Elegant costumesvi.Elaborate setsvii.Plots of mythology or allegoriesviii.Allegory—characters are the personification of abstract ideas-charity, hope, greed, envy, etc. Actions have moral, social, religious, political significancec.Tastes of courti.Hangingsii.Witch burningsiii.Bear baitingiv.Dirty jokesv.Jewelsvi.Silk, brocadevii.Stately dancesviii.Elevated conversation on theology, philosophy, poetryN.Golden Age of Dramaa.Christopher Marloweb.William Shakespearec.Ben JohnsonO.Blank verse useda.Unrhymed, iambic pentameter.
b.Foot=unstressed, stressedP.Puritans complained about the theatera.Occasionally closed due to Puritans and the plagueQ.Elizabeth names her successor King James of Scotland (Mary’s son)IV Decline of the RenaissanceA.James I—first Stuart king (Anglican)B.Charles I—(Son) (Anglican)a.Under their reign, the religious balance was lostb.James actively persecuted Puritans i.Led to 1620 founding of PlymouthC.Gunpowder Plot 1605a.Catholic plot to blow up Parliamentb.Guy Fawkes, a leader, killedc.November 5 Guy Fawkes Day celebrated with fireworks and bonfiresD.James and Charles both believed in divine right to ruleE.In order to deal with disputes, Charles dismisses ParliamentF.1642—Civil war breaks outa.King and Supporters—Royalists/Cavaliersb.Parliamentary forces—Puritans/Roundheadsi.Led by Oliver Cromwellc.1649 King defeated, tried, beheaded (Charles I)i.England declared a Commonwealthii.No longer a monarchyiii.Under jurisdiction of ParliamentG.Stuart Perioda.

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