agency also attempted to break up his marriage by sending selectively edited “personal moments he shared with friends and women” to his wife. The FBIalso specifically targeted the Black Panther Party with the intention of destroying it.They infiltrated the Party with informants and subjected members to repeated interviews. Agents sent anonymous letters encouraging violence between street gangs and the Panthers in various cities, which resulted in “the killings of four BPPmembers and numerous beatings and shootings,” as well as letters sowing internaldissension in the Panther Party. The agency also worked with police departments to harass local branches of the Party through raids and vehicle stops. In one of the most disturbing examples of this, the FBI provided information to the Chicago Police Department that aided in a raid on BPP leader Fred Hampton’s apartment. The raid ended with the Chicago Police shooting Hampton dead. The FBI was not alone in targeting civil rights leaders. The NSA also engaged in domestic spyingthat included Dr. King. In an eerily prescient statement, Senator Walter Mondale said he was concerned that the NSA “could be used by President 'A' in the future to spy upon the American people, to chill and interrupt political dissent.” The Church Committee was created in response to these and other public scandals, andwas charged with getting to the bottom of the government's surveillance overreach. In response to its findings, Congress passed new laws to provide privacy safeguards, including the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act. But ever since these safeguards were put in place, the intelligence community has tried to weaken or operate around them. The NSA revelations show theurgent need to reform the laws governing surveillanceand to rein in the intelligence community. Today we’re responding to those domestic surveillance abuses by an unrestrained intelligence branch. The overreach we’ve seen in the past underscores the need forreform. Especially during Black History Month, let’s not forget the speech-stifling history of US government spying that has targeted communities of color.
Fusion CentersFusion center surveillance regimes disproportionately monitor black students. Monahan 11—Professor of Communication Studies at The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (Torin, “The Future of Security? Surveillance Operations at Homeland Security Fusion Centers ,” Social Justice/Global Options, Vol. 37, No. 2/3(120-121), Imperial Obama: A Kinder, Gentler Empire?, 2010-11, pp. 88)//FJ Given the secretive nature of fusion centers, including their resistance to freedom of information requests (German and Stanley, 2008; Stokes, 2008), the primary way in which the public has learned about their activities is through leakedor unintentionally disseminated documents.For instance, a "terrorism threat assessment" produced by Virginia's fusion center surfaced in 2009 and sparked outrage becauseit identified students at colleges and universities- especially at