Daoists later cross fertilization spirits and

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Daoists later cross-fertilization, spirits and ancestor worship Diverse and Changing Political Systems Social structures and systems and interaction with philosophies and other ideologies Varied imperial contexts: landed aristocracy, imperial courts ruled by professional elites (scholars/officers), some ruled over districts far from their homes Today’s China: Chinese Communist Party, social equality, shared ownership of property, strong central planning, state control Corruption and individual ownership Hong Kong 1997 returned to Chinese rule from the British Governor appointed from Beijing Separated political system from China Taiwan/Singapore/other minorities Multi-pary system in Taiwan Democracy or oligarchy in Singapore Minorities have little say, politically Chinese Music Commonalities Differences Music and cultural pride, national identity Cross section of Chinese Music Imported music and age-long traditions Systems of classification: common features Timbre: vocal, instruments, vocal-instrumental Target audience: class exclusive, inclusive Other models: classification by function-context-religious, entertainment, secular, occupation, etc.
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Shan’ge (Songs of Agricultural work, Flirting, and Courting) Work songs: synchronizing of manual labor Jin Wenyin from Qiandai School teacher and cultural officer Cultural revolution (1966-1976) Rice-weeding song cries, hot summers Not recorded when weeding Folk Songs Decline in weeding songs Chemical weed killer, mechanization, reorganization of land ownership, individual work rather than communal work and singing Preservation by Folklorists Preservation of Folk Songs Ancient 17 century Chinese Emperor Collection and use of folk songs Lyrics to test levels of happiness Collection by Chinese writers Feng Menglong: diff in sincerity of expressed love affairs in lyrics by the common people than the aristocrats Use of folk tunes for political propaganda Singing engenders social solidarity Communist soldier sent to villages to collect folk songs in 1939 Folk sings were parodied for newer contexts Chairman Mao Tse-Tung (1893-1976) Beiguan CD2- Track 12 & 13 Wind and percussion band Outdoor rituals: funerals, temple festivals Contrast with sizhu not geography Introspective indoor, strident outdoor Self confidence matches outdoor Dedicated and skillful musicians
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