So practice practice practice and make sure you have everything set up and

So practice practice practice and make sure you have

This preview shows page 41 - 43 out of 82 pages.

deal with them on your speech day. So, practice, practice, practice and make sure you have everything set up and working in the speaking environment. You won’t discover the problems until you do your practice sessions!
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42 Speaking to Inform (p2): Explanation Speeches General Purpose: Keep in mind the distinction between informing, persuading, and celebrating. For an informative speech, your inspiration comes from curiosity and fascination rather than a motive to advocate for change or celebrate your heroes. You can certainly address controversial topics in an informative speech, but you have to present them as an objective analyst, like a news reporter. For example, you could explain the Immigration controversy by showing different perspectives. Be very careful of the hidden agenda ! You could be giving accurate information, but with a persuasive agenda, as when you give facts that only tell one side of a story. For example, a student proposed an “informative” speech on “The European Colonial Genocide of the Native Indians”. Well, it would be a factually accurate speech, but the motive is clearly editorial-- to express an emotional judgment, not to explain the issue objectively. Topic Selection In most speaking situations, you know your purpose and even the general subject area beforehand, but you would still need to choose a particular theme or sub-topic. For instance, if you were in a healthcare occupation, you might be asked to speak for 10 minutes at a local high school classroom about “Safe Sex”. This general subject contains many possible areas of focus, such as: “Effectiveness of Contraceptive Methods”, or “Types of Sexually Transmitted Infections”, or “How to Deal with Pushy Partners”, etc... Our classroom assignment is admittedly artificial in that you are picking a topic for the purpose of practicing speech skills, rather than for a real-life application. However, you can (and should) use this as an opportunity to explore an occupational, academic, or personal interest area, especially one that you might have occasion to speak about at some point. Let’s look more closely at the process of topic selection for Explanation Speeches. What Makes a Good Topic? For an informative speech, you want to find a socially significant topic that inspires your curiosity and fits the speaking situation/audience. To better understand what makes a topic socially significant, we can draw from principles of Journalism. The following guideline for writing a news story is taken from the current Reuters Handbook of Journalism: “…we need to ensure that the significance, context and background are properly explained for an international readership, while not making the story so basic that a sophisticated reader won’t value the news it contains. All readers want simple, clearly written stories that say what's happening and why it matters. And to comply with the Reuters Trust principles, all stories, blogs and columns must display ‘integrity, independence and freedom from bias’.” Topic Should Have Social Significance :
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