AP World Histoy Concept Outline.pdf

N colonial subjects in the americas led a series of

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n Colonial subjects in the Americas led a series of rebellions inspired by democratic ideals. The American Revolution, and its successful establishment of a republic, the United States of America, was a model and inspiration for a number of the revolutions that followed. The American Revolution, the Haitian Revolution, and the Latin American independence movements facilitated the emergence of independent states in the Americas. n Resistance by enslaved persons challenged existing authorities in the Americas. n Increasing questions about political authority and growing nationalism contributed to anticolonial movements. n Increasing discontent with imperial rule led to rebellions, some of which were influenced by religious ideas. n Discontent with monarchist and imperial rule encouraged the development of systems of government and various ideologies, including democracy and 19th-century liberalism. n Discontent with established power structures encouraged the development of various ideologies, including those espoused by Karl Marx, and the ideas of socialism and communism. n Demands for women’s suffrage and an emergent feminism challenged political and gender hierarchies. AP World History: Modern Concept Outline 10 © 2019 College Board Period 5: c. 1750–c. 1900
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Key Concept 5.4 — As a result of the emergence of transoceanic empires and a global capitalist economy, migration patterns changed dramatically, and the numbers of migrants increased significantly. n Migration in many cases was influenced by changes in demographics in both industrialized and unindustrialized societies that presented challenges to existing patterns of living. Because of the nature of new modes of transportation, both internal and external migrants increasingly relocated to cities. This pattern contributed to the significant global urbanization of the 19th century. The new methods of transportation also allowed for many migrants to return, periodically or permanently, to their home societies. n Many individuals chose freely to relocate, often in search of work. n The new global capitalist economy continued to rely on coerced and semicoerced labor migration, including enslavement, Chinese and Indian indentured servitude, and convict labor. n Migrants tended to be male, leaving women to take on new roles in the home society that had been formerly occupied by men. n Migrants often created ethnic enclaves in different parts of the world that helped transplant their culture into new environments. n Receiving societies did not always embrace immigrants, as seen in the various degrees of ethnic and racial prejudice and the ways states attempted to regulate the increased flow of people across their borders. AP World History: Modern Concept Outline 11 © 2019 College Board Period 5: c. 1750–c. 1900
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Key Concept 6.1 — Rapid advances in science and technology altered the understanding of the universe and the natural world and led to advances in communication, transportation, industry, agriculture, and medicine.
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