Defense of traditional values when eagleton left the

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defense of traditional valueswhen Eagleton left the ticket hewas replaced by Sargent ShriverNixon won overwhelmingly (61% popular votecarried every state but Mass), but Democrats kept control of CongressWatergateloss of faith in federal governmentParalyzing effect on political system at a critical time in US and foreign affairsParanoia due to the negative press over the Cambodia bombing (NYT exposé) and Pentagon PapersJune, 1972Nixon’s reelection committee members caught breaking into offices of Dem national headquarters inWatergate complexin Wash, D.C.part of illegal activities and tricks of the Committee to Re-Elect the President(CREEP)break-in apparently orderedbyJohn MitchellNixon had wiretapped gov’t employees and reporters to stop news leaks (ex:Cambodia earlier) –very suspicious of the press“plumbers” were to stop the leaks (G. Gordon Liddy and Howard Hunt)- White House created an“enemies list” of prominentAmericans who had opposed Nixon, Vietnam War, etc.investigations of people on the list - attitude that any means could be used topromote national securityNixon apparently did not order or have prior knowledge of the break-in but was involved in anillegal cover-up to avoid scandalReportersBob WoodwardandCarl Bernsteinof theWashington Postwrote a series of articles on the scandal that played a decisiverole in exposing the misdeeds of the Nixon administration - source of their information was“Deep Throat”(revealed in 2005 as MarkFelta top FBI official)Watergate “burglars” sentenced by federal judge John Siricaled to use of money and promise of pardons by White House staff tokeep burglars quietSenate investigation committee headed byDemocrat Sam Ervin of N C brought abuses to the public through
use of TV and chaired the Senate committeeJohn Dean (White House lawyer) first to link President Nixon to the cover-upNixon’s aides H. R. Haldeman and JohnEhrlichman resigned to protect him but were later indictedHoward Baker’s question(TN Senator):“What did the president know and when did he know it?”Discovery of ataping systemin the Oval Officeled to a heated battle between Nixon and Congress over the release of thetapesNixon claimed “executive privilege,” but was forced to give up the tapes1973V Pres SpiroAgnew was forced to resignfor having taken bribes and kickbacks while Gov of Mdcharged with income taxevasion and extortionpleaded no contestunder terms of25thAmendment(presidential succession), Nixon nominated HouseMinority LeaderGerald Fordas VPMiddle EastWar and Oil Embargo1973Yom KippurSyria and Egypt attacked Israel in an attempt to recover lands lost inSix Day Warof 1967Nixon ordered USnuclear forces on alert and airlifted $2 billion in arms to Israelwar quickly won by IsraelisUS had to pay a significant price forsupporting IsraelArab members of OPEC placed an embargo on oil sold to Israel’s supporters –raised oil prices 400 percent in 1974

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Term
Fall
Professor
John Conner

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