The first attempt to sort the papers---fifty boxes full-- took place in 1902, under the direction of George E. Kirkpatrick, Superintendent of the Girard Estate. The work continued off and on for 16 years. By the end of 1903, approximately 18,000 letters-received predating 1817 were sorted and listed. Additionally, all letters up to 1811 had been cleaned, repaired and pressedand 2600 pieces of pre-1795 papers were translated. Very few letters predating Girard’s 1776 arrival in Philadelphia were found and most of those related to family matters. By 1905 all the documents were ready for briefing, indexing and filing. Also, copies of all outgoing letters were in one unbound and 23 bound volumes, and they numbered more than 25,000. Since Girard often received and wrote letters in French, they had to be translated. Continuing into 1906, “ papers other then letters were classified, listed , packed in chests and returned to Girard 15
Subscribe to view the full document.
College.” These papers included bills, canceled checks, deposit books, memos relating to law suits, farm accounts, bills of lading, insurance policies, and books and pamphlets belonging to Girard’s library.32In March 1913 the Board appropriated $5,000 and commissioned Dr. John Bach McMaster, a Professor of American History at the University of Pennsylvania, to write a biography of Stephen Girard. In preparation for the biography, 57,000 letters and document were mounted, cleaned and bound and Dr. Max Goepp spent three years translating the papers. Due to the excessive costs, and the fact that Dr. Goepp entered the war service in 1918, the translation and processing of the papers was not completed. McMaster used the papers extensively in writing his two volumes entitled The Life and Times of Stephen Girard, Mariner and Merchant, published in 1918.The papers include a view of Girard’s personal matters such as his quarrels with brother John and their complete estrangement for a period of two years. Then they reveal Stephen’s patience and his generous response when, broken in health and fortune, John applied for assistance. Also, further family affairs tell of deaths of John, and his wife, Eleanor, as a consequence of which Mr. Girard took into his family the three orphaned daughters, who made their home with him until their several marriages. The papers reveal the distressing illness of Mrs. Stephen Girard (Mary Lum), to whom he was most devotedly attached, which illness, developing into one of the most trying forms of insanity, finally compelled her confinement in anasylum until she died in 1815. There are accounts of the epidemic of yellow fever in which Mr. Girard was among the first to suffer and recover. There are accounts of the marriage of his niece Marie Antoinette Girard to John Hemphill, and the arrival in Philadelphia of two nephews, sons of brother Etienne, who would live with Girard and whom Girard would pay to have educated. In addition to educating two nephews, Girard also accepted responsibility for a distant relative, Stephen Girard Fennimore. The marriage of his niece Henrietta to Henri Lallemand, a general in Bonaparte’s army, who had defected to America is described in 1819 letters.
Test, Second Bank of the United States, Stephen Girard, Marie Antoinette Girard
As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.
Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern
I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.
University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern
The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.
Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern
Ask Expert Tutors
You can ask 0 bonus questions
You can ask 0 questions (0 expire soon)
You can ask 0 questions
(will expire )