People are in control of their fate not victims of it

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People are in control of their fate, not victims of it.
Individuals create a distinctive lifestyle at an early age/ They aren’t shaped by childhood experiences. This lifestyle tends to remain sonstant and defines their beliefs about life and ways of dealing with its tasks. Consciousness is at the centre of personality. Growth model- stressing the individuals positive capacity to live fully in society. Understand a person from a subjective vantage point – stressing life goals that give direction to behavior. Humans are motivated by social interests or a sense of belonging and having a significant place in society. Feelings of inferiority often serve as the wellspring creativity, motivating people to strive for mastery superiority and perfection. Alderians are mainly concerned with challenging clients mistaken notions and faulty asumptions. Develop the useful side of life,. Therapists work cooperatively and encouragement so that clients develop useful goals. Goals: fostering social interest Overcome discouragement Change faulty motivation Restructure mistaken asumptions Feel a sense of equality to others. Therapists can use cognitive, experimentsal and behavioural teqniges- not bound. Don’t squeeze clients into a framework. Tequniques: encouragments, confrontation, paradoxicalintention, summarizing, interpreting the family constellation and early recollections, suggestions and homework
Ideal for groups and couples (social psychology) Application: reach human potential and goals Humanistic approach- psychoeducationalfocus Present and future orientation Brief time limited approach Interpersonal emphasis is great for culturally diverse populations Alderian looks at social inequality and social embeddedness.
11/04/2020 ° The Individual Psychology of Alfred Adler (Adler, 1964) contains, in excerpts throughout the text, accounts of Adler’s techniques of psychotherapy, or ways of understanding and treating the patient. ° “Understanding the patient,” “Explaining the Patient to Himself,” “The Therapeutic Relationship,” and “Special Aspects and Techniques of Treatment.” ° Similarly, there are valuable examples of understanding and treating the patient throughout Superiority and Social Interest (Adler, 1979.) Also pertinent is Part III: “Case Interpretation and Treatment” (pp.139-201), the Introduction, “Two Grade-School Girls,” “The Case of Mrs. A.,” and “Technique of Treatment.” ° Rudolf Dreikurs (1973) systematized Adler’s work by identifying four phases of psychotherapy: (a) rapport , or establishing and maintaining the therapeutic relationship ; (b) investigation of the client’s past and present life situations and the client’s lifestyle; (c) interpretations and the development of the client self-understanding; and (d) reorientation . The “phases” are not set in a temporal sequence ; they proceed in a logical order of primacy and dependency that pertains throughout the therapeutic encounter. By “ rapport” is meant the alignment of goals of client and therapist. [See Lifestyle/Life-Style/Style of Living/Style of Life; Exogenous Factor.] °

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