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People are in control of their fate, not victims of it.
Individuals create a distinctive lifestyle at an early age/ They aren’t shaped by childhood experiences. This lifestyle tends to remain sonstant and definestheir beliefs about life and ways of dealing with its tasks. Consciousness is at the centre of personality. Growth model- stressing the individuals positive capacity to live fully in society. Understand a person from a subjective vantage point – stressing life goals that give direction to behavior. Humans are motivated by social interests or a sense of belonging and havinga significant place in society. Feelings of inferiority often serve as the wellspring creativity, motivating people to strive for mastery superiority and perfection. Alderians are mainly concerned with challenging clients mistaken notions and faulty asumptions.Develop the useful side of life,.Therapists work cooperatively and encouragement so that clients develop useful goals. Goals: fostering social interestOvercome discouragementChange faulty motivationRestructure mistaken asumptionsFeel a sense of equality to others.Therapists can use cognitive, experimentsal and behavioural teqniges- not bound. Don’t squeeze clients into a framework.Tequniques: encouragments, confrontation, paradoxicalintention, summarizing, interpreting the family constellation and early recollections, suggestions and homework
Ideal for groups and couples (social psychology)Application: reach human potential and goalsHumanistic approach- psychoeducationalfocus Present and future orientationBrief time limited approachInterpersonal emphasis is great for culturally diverse populationsAlderian looks at social inequality and social embeddedness.
11/04/2020°The Individual Psychology of Alfred Adler(Adler, 1964) contains, in excerpts throughout the text, accounts of Adler’s techniques of psychotherapy, or ways of understanding and treating the patient. °“Understanding the patient,” “Explaining the Patient to Himself,” “The Therapeutic Relationship,” and “Special Aspects and Techniques of Treatment.” °Similarly, there are valuable examples of understanding and treating the patient throughout Superiority and Social Interest(Adler, 1979.) Also pertinent is Part III: “Case Interpretation and Treatment” (pp.139-201), the Introduction, “Two Grade-School Girls,” “The Case of Mrs. A.,” and “Techniqueof Treatment.”°Rudolf Dreikurs (1973) systematized Adler’s work by identifying four phasesof psychotherapy: (a) rapport, or establishing and maintaining the therapeutic relationship; (b) investigationof the client’s past and present life situations and the client’s lifestyle; (c) interpretationsand the development of the client self-understanding; and (d) reorientation. The “phases” are not set in a temporal sequence; they proceed in a logical order of primacy and dependency that pertains throughout the therapeutic encounter. By “rapport” is meant the alignment of goals of client and therapist.[See Lifestyle/Life-Style/Styleof Living/Style of Life; Exogenous Factor.] °