D web du bois believed that african americans should

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d. W.E.B. Du Bois believed that African Americans should have full and equal access to white colleges and universities in order to develop their talented
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tenth. However, in the interim, Du Bois advocated strengthening the quality and rigor of separate of black colleges and universities, so this elite class of African American leadership could be cultivated. e. Booker T. Washington emphasized education for economic self-sufficiency, not for political education and advocacy, because he reluctantly accepted segregation in exchange for the right to develop the economic and educational resources of the black community for employment in agriculture and the useful trades. He hoped that economic independence would eventually lead to African American political and civil rights. W.E.B. Du Bois preferred that African Americans obtain a classical liberal education at America’s colleges and universities in order to develop the talented tenth leadership group of African Americans, produce social change, and achieve the full political, social, and economic equality that all African Americans deserved. Question 12 a. American newspapers in the late nineteenth century did not use their editorial pages to highlight the plight of poor immigrants in the city and call for social changes that would alleviate their social and economic problems. b. American newspaper publishers, such as Joseph Pulitzer and William Randolph Hearst, were generally politically conservative and favored maintaining a laissez-faire economic and social order that precluded advocating for social reforms by government. c. The emphasis on publicizing sensationalist stories of sex, corruption, and scandal; publishing cheap, mass-circulation newspapers; and writing in a simple, punchy accessible style were three of the main journalistic methods of the two leading American newspaper publishers, Joseph Pulitzer and William Randolph Hearst. d. American newspaper publishers, such as Pulitzer and Hearst, featured sex, scandal, and lurid human interest stories and published the eye-catching headlines, colorful and large illustrations and supplements, and self-promoting articles that marked yellow journalism. e. Correct answer. American newspaper publishers, such as Joseph Pulitzer and William Randolph Hearst, published sensationalist stories of sex, corruption, and scandal in cheap, mass-circulation newspapers to attract the wide readership of semiliterate immigrants and urban commuters. Question 13 a. Previous American literature traditions played no role in motivating the American novelists’ turn from romanticism and transcendentalism to rugged social realism during the Gilded Age. b. The rugged social realism characterizing Gilded Age American literature generally ignored the racial problems of Jim Crow segregation; rampant black unemployment, poverty, and illiteracy; and crime in the black community.
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