1 9 Isocrates Ibid 36 2 1 Isocrates To Nicocles 3 1

1 9 isocrates ibid 36 2 1 isocrates to nicocles 3 1

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1 9. Isocrates, Nicocles, 37. 20. Ibid., 36. 2 1 . Ibid., 37. 22. Isocrates, To Nicocles, 3 1 . 23. Isocrates, Nicocles, 39. 24. Ibid., 45. 25. Ibid., 47. 26. Isocrates, To Nicocles, 1 1 . 27. Aristotle (attributed), Economics, I, 1, 1, 1 343. 28. Aristotle, Politics, I, 1 3, 1259b. 29. Aristotle (attributed), Economics, I, 3, 1 , 1 343b. 30. Ibid., I, 2, 1-3, 1 343a-b. 3 1 . Ibid., I, 3, 1 , 1 343b. 32. Aristotle, Politics, 1, 2, 1252a; Nicomachean Ethics, VIII, 1 2, 7, 1 162a. 33. Aristotle (attributed), Economics, I, 3, 1 , 1 343b. 34. Ibid., I, 3, 3, 1 343b. 3 5. Ibid., I, 4, 1, 1 344a. 36. Aristotle, Politics, I, 1 2, 1 259. In the Nicomachean Ethics (VIII, 10, 5, 1 1 61a), Aristotle alludes to the authority of heiress wives. 37. Aristotle, Politics, I, 12, 1259b. 38. Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics, VIII, 10, 5, 1 1 6Ia. 39. Aristotle, Magna Moralia, I, 33, 1 8. 40. Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics, VIII, 1 1 , 4, 1 1 61a. 4 1 . Ibid., VIII, 1 2, 8, 1 1 62a. On the relations between philia and marriage in Aristotle, see J.-C. Fraisse, Ph ilia, fa notion d'amitie dans fa philosophie antique. 42. Aristotle, Politics, VII, 1 6, 1 335b-1 336a.
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268 Notes PART FOUR: EROTICS Chapter 1 : A Problematic Relation I . Plato, Republic, IX, 573d. 2. Ibid., IX, 574b-c. 3. Diogenes Laertius, Lives of Eminent Philosophers, IV, 7, 49. 4. Plato, Laws, VIII, 840a. 5. Xenophon, Cyropaedia, VII, 5. 6. On this point, cf. K. J. Dover, Greek Homosexuality, pp. 60-63. 7. Plato, Symposium, 1 8 1b-d. 8. Xenophon, Symposium, I, 9. 9. Ibid., II, 3. 10. Ibid., IX, 5-6. I I . Cf. Xenophon, Anabasis, VII, 4, 7. 12. See F. Buffiere, E ros adolescent, pp. 90-9 1 . 1 3. Plato, Gorgias, 494e. 14. Plato, Symposium, 1 82a-183d. 1 5. Cf. F. Buffiere, E ros adolescent, pp. 605-607. 1 6. Regarding these two boys and their very slight age difference, see Plato, Euthydemus, 27 1b. 1 7. Plato, Charm ides, 1 54c. 18. F. Buffiere, E ros adolescent, p. 6 1 3, n. 33; Aelian, Varia Historia, XIII, 5. 1 9. Homer, Illiad, XI, 786. On the discussion about their respective roles, see Plato, Symposium, 1 80a-b; Aeschines, Against Timar- chus, 143. 20. K. J. Dover, Greek Homosexuality, pp. 87-97. 2 1 . Cf. what Aeschines says about the schools and the precautions the schoolmaster had to take in Against Timarchus, 9- 10. On the meeting places, see F. Buffiere, E ros adolescent, p. 56 1ff. 22. Xenophon, Hiero, I . .23. Plato, Protagoras, 309a. 24. Cf. the criticism of Meno in Xenophon, Anabasis, II, 6, 28. 25. Plato, Symposium, 1 8 1d-e. 26. Xenophon, Symposium, IV, 17. 27. On the opposition between the sturdy boy and the weakling, see Plato, Phaedrus, 239c-d, and The Lovers. Regarding the erotic
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Notes 269 value of the masculine boy and the evolution of taste toward a more effeminate physique, perhaps already under way in the fourth century, see K. J. Dover, Greek Homosexuality, pp. 69- 73. In any case, the notion that the charm of a young boy was connected with a femininity that inhabited him would become a common theme later. 28. On the definition of ph ilia, see J.-C. Fraisse, Philia, la notion d'amitie dans La philosophie antique. 29. Xenophon, Symposium, VIII, 1 3-18. 30. Ibid., VIII, 3.
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