Sports Psychology Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Antecedents-Consequences Model; Multidimensional Model; Projected Performance Model
continuous erythropoetin receptor activator 24 days
Test of Performance Strategies---An objective test used in the assessment phase. It has 64 items that measure FREQUENCY of particular behaviors exhibited by athlete in PRACTICE and COMPETITION. --> to asses 8 strategies used by exceptional athletes.
(controllable / uncontrollable) Does the athlete feel as though they have control over the situation?
Olympic medalists differ from nonmedalist in that they internalize their stress-coping strategies to the extent that they become automatic.
sensory; consciously aware of process w/ some control; does NOT invovle stimulus
(stable / unstable) An athlete's expectations are implicity tied to the stability factor. Will events remain the same or vary over time?
central nervous system stimulant. up alert, awake, and talkative. false sense of increased strength of very impaired judgement, take chances
staggering the pattern of anabolic steroid use to prevent development of tolerance
2 main techniques of psychophysiologcal foundation
biofeedback and relaxation
Sport Psych def
Sport psychology is an INTERDISCIPLINARY field combining aspects of PSYCHOLOGY and SPORT SCIENCE, and professionals offering CONSULTATIVE services to athletes for performance ENHANCEMENT must have a unique BLEND of TRAINING and EXERCISE.
Intervention def
process of evaluating and adapting physchological processes of athlete
TAIS--- # of stimuli of which individual is FOCUSING (narrow --> broad)
Effectiveness training
Identify types of attribution; analyze impact of attributions; restructure attributions and practice
Ego-enhancing strategies
All successes attributed to internal causes
Extrinsic rewards result in a perceived ____ in control, thus ____ intrinsic motivation
loss; reducing
Motivate (verb)
To provide with a motive; impel
Aids taken to improve performance, has a masculination effect
In the iceberg profile developed by Morgan, which of the following psychological characteristics that successful athletes display is typically above the mean of the population?
- Psycho neuromuscular Theory:
When imagining a particular movement pattern, the brain sends out signals to the muscles that are duplicates of the signals used to actually produce the movement (although smaller magnitude)o Muscles are activated to slight degree when imagining particular movemento No clear if this low level of neuromuscular activation improves performance
Categories of performance enhancing drugs
stimulants, narcotic analgesics, anabolic steroids, beta-blockers relaxing drug, diuretics, peptide hormones and analogues.
Causes of burnout
how strong you are, juggling friend’s family school, performance, team, parents, coach, and inappropriate expectations.
Identified Regulation
Instrumental to own goals. Moving toward internal casuality.
In children _____ changes as a function of development and in maturity through cognitive restructuring
perceived ability
Negative programming (5)
-I'm so stressed-I hate Mondays-I never play well at the U of U-I'm shy-I'm fat
There is a link between Type B behavior and the incidence of cardiovascular disease.
3 steps to construct performance profile
 Explanation of performance profiling to determine characteristics athlete deems important to sport. Development of list of qualities, characteristics, or skills necessary for elite performance Athletes rate ability levels on each construct (usually 1-10 scale) and charted to give good representation of strengths and weaknesses; however, perception could be incorrect thus the reason a coach, etc. is needed to be there.
Differences in psychological attributes for dropouts vs. participants
drop outs have lower perceived confidence than participants.
Competence Motivation Theory (Harter)
Based on feelings of personal competence / mastery (perceived competence); The greater the competence, the more attempts at mastery.
factors that mediate effectiveness of imagery
imagery ability (vividness and clarity)and imagery perspectice (external vs internal)
Undifferentiated goal perspective (Level 1)
Ability, effort, and outcome are all the same thing. At this stage, a child is more task-oriented
# of cognitive abilites the PSIS measures for
6; anxiety control, concentration, confidence, mental preparation, motivation, team focus
Percentages of athletes that say they would take steroids/How many athletes actually do use steroids?
6% college, 40-60% elite athletes
The research criticizing Morgan's mental health model and the implications of the "iceberg profile" has argued that..
A) the iceberg profile accounts for only a very small percentage of athlete's performance variation. B) the iceberg profile only differentiates athletes from nonathletes and does not differentiate between athletes of different ability levels.
Harter based his theory on 3 basic parts:
Cognitive (school or academic competence); Social (peer-related competence); Physical (skill at sports or physical activities)
Henry Ford quote on positive thinking
\"Whether you think you can or think you can't, you're right.\"
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