Architecture Flashcards

Terms Definitions
classique
classical
l'architecte
architect
un don
talent
une diapositive
slide
le tableau
painting
la sculpture
sculpture
DORIC
MOST SIMPLE
un vitrail
stained-glass window
athenian
political expression- greek supremecy
a l'arriere-plan
in the background
tondo
round painting or relief
entasis
the swelling of the columns
william hogarth's paintings are:
"morality plays"
Parthenon Sculptures were designed by
Pheidias
in baroque painting caravaggism dominated in
1600-1630
delphi charioteer
intellectual expression- supremacy of man
Rotunda
An open, cylindrical interior space, usually covered by a dome, placed on a square building
baroque
the architectural style that succeeede the classic style of the RENAISSANCE from the late 16th century until the 18th century. It blends PICTURESQUE elements withe the more ordered, formal style of the "high RENAISSANCE" stressing movement, energy, and realistic treatment
among impressionists, rural scenery concerned above all
camille pissaro
roundels
decorative plate, panel, or tablet round in form
in antis
porch has columns between the walls
arabesque
a style of decorative design favored by the Moors as a means of giving play to their aesthetic creativity without violating the Islamic prohibition against reproducing natural forms. It employs inticate patterns of interlaced lines from stylized flowers, foliage, fruits, and animal outlines in geometrical or calligraphic designs. Poe applied it to his material which was selected for its strangeness, especial in his "Tales of the Grotesque and Arabesque".
the greatest of the netherlands romanists was
jan gossaert
roman republic portraits
are images of frightening authority
in painting the conquest of the visible world began
1420
leonardo's the last super is characterized by:
blanced stability
bay
similar major vertical divisions of a large interior or wall
jamb
vertical sides of a doorway, arch, window, or other opening
Neo-Platonism
A philosophy based on the writings of the Greek philosopher Plato that merges classical culture with Christianity
The cistercians set up their monsasteries
in well-irrigated valleys
basilica
large oblong building used as a hall of justice and public meeting place
apotheosis
elevation or exaltation of a person to the rank of a god
outsider art
art produced by persons on the outside of every official or unofficial arena of production; songs nobody will sing, poems no magazine will publish, usually because they are not good.
european church interiors were filled with art objects, which openly linked christian mythology with historical personalities:
mostly in 14th-16th centuries
neoclassical villas were surrounded by
gardens which were carefully planned to look unplanned
what is typical for botticcelli's paintings?
the decorative treatment of the surface
Tempietto
Saynatsalo
AALTO
Imperial Hotel
WRIGHT
Freeman House
WRIGHT
chapelle orientee
ornate chapel
Saint-Pierre, Beauvais. Gothic.
Villa Savoye
LE CORBUSIER
Five Points
LE CORBUSIER
Volutes
a spiral scroll
Viollet-le-Duc, Compositions in Masonry and Iron, unbuilt (1860)
Dulles International Airport
EERO SAARINEN
cornice
any prominent, continuous, horizontally projecting feature surmounting a wall or other construction
Pendentive:
triangular masonry devices that carried the weight of the dome on massive
piers; a triangular segment of a spherical surface which fills in the upper corners of a room in order to form a circular support for a dome.
Adler and Sullivan, Wainwright Building, St. Louis (1890)
Soufflot, Ste. Genevieve, Paris (1800)
Borromini, San Carlino, Rome (1640)
Architect
a professional designer of buildings.
Michelangelo. Staircase, Library of San Lorenzo. Mannerism.
...
James Freed and Henry Cobb
PEI
Dodecastyle
temple front with 12 columns
villa
a country residence or estate.
aqueduct
bridgelike structure that carries water over an area
New England, Georgian, Adam, or, Federal
.
Adolf Loos, Josephine Baker House, unbuilt (1920)
Viollet-le-Duc, Project of a 3000-seat Theater, unbuilt (1860)
utility
Principle wherein structures should be useful and function well for the people using it
Byzantium
Hagia Sophia, central plan, largest dome
(Giulio) Romano. Palazzo del Te. Mannerism.
Dromos
a long, uncovered narrow passage leading to an underground tholos or chamber tomb
Over Decoration
Scrollwork, oval windows, cherubs (male baby angel)
chateau
(in France) a castle or fortress.
shinto
the native religion of Japan, primarily a system of nature and ancestor worship.
arch
a curved masonry construction for spanning an opening, consisting of a number of wedgelike stones, bricks, or the like, set with the narrower side toward the opening in such a way that forces on the arch are transmitted as vertical or oblique stresses on
fascia
any relatively broad, flat, horizontal surface, such as the outer edge of a cornice or a stringcourse
Cape Cod
a Massachusetts peninsula south of Boston extending into the Atlantic
Basilica:
Generally has a central nave, a semicircular apse, 2-4 sided columned aisles, a clerestory, and a narthex; Developed from the Roman form; full of straight, processional characters; T-shaped; Columns draw your eye to the altar; rectangular
Bernini, San Andrea al Quirinale, Rome (1660)
Apse
a domed or vaulted recess or projection on a building especially the east end of a church.
Cupola
A dome, usually small, topping a roof.
planned exterior spaces
gardens, courtyard part of architecture
Hagia Sophia
532; Anthemius and Isidorus; Central Plan church; Byzantine
Meiosis
slightly smaller diameter at the upper part of a column
dormer
A window set vertically in a structure projecting from a sloping roof.
chalet
a herdsman's hut in the Swiss Alps.
colonnade
a series of regularly spaced columns supporting an entablature and usually one side of a roof.
aisle
a longitudinal division of an interior area, as in a church, separated from the main area by an arcade or the like
truss
any of various structural frames based on the geometric rigidity of the triangle and composed of straight members subject only to longitudinal compression, tension, or both: functions as a beam or cantilever to support bridges, roofs, etc.
archway
an entrance or passage covered or enclosed by an arch
attributes
an object associated with a character, office, or quality
balustrade
a railing with supporting balusters or posts
Dutch Colonial
people that live in a small town
Ranch
farm consisting of a large tract of land along with facilities needed to raise livestock (especially cattle)
Webb and Morris, The Red House, Bexley Heath (1860)
STYLE(Uninterrupted Space)
The interiors were built without walls or doors.
Cella
The chamber at the center of an ancient temple; in a classical temple, the room (Greek, naos) in which the cult statue usually stood.
castellated
built like a castle, esp. with turrets and battlements.
realtor
a person who works in the real-estate business and is a member of the National Association of Real Estate Boards, or one of its constituent boards, and abides by its Code of Ethics.
lattice
a structure of crossed wooden or metal strips usually arranged to form a diagonal pattern of open spaces between the strips.
atrium
a sky lit central court in a contemporary building or house; a courtyard, flanked or surrounded by porticoes, in front of an early Christian church
posterior
situated behind or at the rear of; hinder (
baluster
any of a number of closely spaced supports for a railing.
plinth
a slablike member beneath the base of a column or pier or a square base of a pedestal
arcade
a series of arches supported on piers or columns; an arched or covered passageway
georgian
of or pertaining to the period of British history from the accession of George I in 1714 to the death of George IV in 1830, or the four kings named George who reigned successively during this period.
Flying buttress:
Used to accommodate the weight of a pitched roof and the sheer size of the ascending walls.
Gable
The triangular part of a wall that is enclosed between the sloping portions of a roof.
Corinthian Column
differs from the Ionic only in the capital. Very ornante and looks somewhat like leave
town house
a house in the city, esp. as distinguished from a house in the country owned by the same person.
flamboyant
having the form of an ogee or double curve, such as a bar of tracery
Chapter house:
place where the abbot read The Rule of Benedict and then commented on it.
agent
a person or thing that acts or has the power to act.
proportion
proporcja
esfera
sphere
Erechtheion. Greek.
Johnson
Seagram Building
designed by
zaprojektowany przez
de Lesseps
Suez Canal
Lion Gate
1250 BC
Sainte-Foy, interior view. Romanesque.
Ishtar Gate
Neo-Babylonian Period
Babylon
ca. 612-539 BCE
Built by KingNEbuchadnezzar II
Dedicated to one of the principal goddesses of the city
Decorated with polychrome bricks against a light blue background, with figures of lions, bulls and dragons
-Lion=Ishtar, Mistress of Heaven
-Bull=Adad the weather god
-Mushushshu (dragons)=MArduk, god of the city
*each lion=46 different moulded bricks arranged in 11 rows
Santa maria Novella, Alberti
a
Salisbury Cathedral
Gothic; 13th century
Neolithic Period
ca. 9000-3000 BCE
Jericho, Israel
Catal Huyuk, Turkey
Hoffmann, Palais Stoclet, Brussels (1910)
Olbrich, Secession Building, Vienna (1900)
Silent speed
16 frames per second
Buckminster Fuller, Dome over Manhattan, unbuilt, 1960
Pyramids at Giza
Khufu/Khafre/Mankaure; Ancient Egyptian; 3000 BCE
Cruciform
Cross-shaped; used to describe the standard floor plan of a church.
dentils
tooth-like blocks in Ionic and Corinthain cornices
Is the Building structurally sound? Are the materials appropriate?
Firmness
Experimental Design
Narrow, exploration, experimental and discovery are main motivation. want to know about material, technique, technology etc.
1:250,000
Which scale shows the most area?
Bauen
Building, only structure and function, no ornament.
Florence Duomo
Early Renaissance architecture. Dome within Dome. Most influential dome in history!
St. Pierre Beauvais
Unfinished cathedral in France.
Dotted/Dashed Lines
Ceiling elements above cutting plane.
LBJ Library
SOM
Austin, TX
Magnificent scale, not normal campus building, looks like a memorial building, conveys importance
Arc de Triomphe
Paris 1806-1836
Built by Napoleon, modeled after Roman Triumph Arches
Symbol of the French valor, dedicated to the glory of the imperial armies
At the foot of the Champs Elysee
San Sernin, Toulouse
Romanesque, French, 1080ce, pilgrimage church, crossing geometry
Plug-in City, Blowout Village, Archigram
U.K., 1964, 66
Transverse loading
forces applied perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of a member causing bending and deflection
stucco
a plaster now made mostly from Portland cement and sand and lime
minute man
what is paul revere associated with
Eames House
Charles and Ray Eames
Santa Monica, CA
Pediment
A triangular space formed by roof jointure in a Greek-style building
Vitruvius
architect attributed with the study of the lost Greek texts and bases his study on the three Greek orders
Reasons for Stonehenge
Burial site, observatory, pilgrimage (ritual) center, center of healing, status symbol, community center
Austin Bergstrom International Airport
PSP
Austin, TX
Industrial facility. Focuses on security, efficiency, safety, and machine. Humanism at personal scale.
Mantel
the shelf above a fireplace. also used in referring to the decorative trim around a fireplace opening
Notre Dame de Chartres
Gothic, French, 1145ce, coronation church, rebuilt from romanesque plan
Marseilles Block & Section Diagram, LeCorbusier
Marseilles, France, 1947-52
Ludwig Mies van der Rohe
Lake Shore Drive Apartments
Basin and Range
what physiographic province is salt lake located in?
Chapel of Notre-dame-de-haut
Le Corbusier
Ronchamp, France - 20th century
critical path method
A systematic procedure for detailed project planning and control
panthenaic way
What is the main ceremonial pathway that crosses through the Athenian Agora
San Carlo alle Quatro Fontane
Borromini; Baroque; 17th century
Newel post
a post supporting the handrail at the top or bottom of a stairway
pendentive
used for a dome with a square base, triangular space between dome and arches, transfers weight and stress
examples of compression, tension
c: arch, tension: suspension bridge, bridge, Denver airport.
Thesbos
first actor to step out of the chorus and play an individual.
Iktinos and Kallikrates
who were the architects of the parthenon?
Doric Order
a plain, sturdy column and a thick square abacus resting on a rounded molding.
Site (noun)
a space of ground occupied or to be occupied by a
building
Great Exhibition of Works of Industry of All Nations
Hyde Park, London
Crystal Palace
The instructor believes that the construction industry, which includes mining of resources, refinement of materials, sales of materials & products, shipping, design and construction, could be considered the largest industry in the world.
The instructor believes that the construction industry, which includes mining of resources, refinement of materials, sales of materials & products, shipping, design and construction, could be considered the largest industry in the world.
Notes on the film, "the loop"
Single family detached home with its own yard. Stress on private ownership of property. Scene of family life. Gender roles. Content of nuclear family. Promise of security. Self sufficiency. Result of hard work. Alexander Jackson downy. Helped perpetuate the idea of revivalism. Balloon frame and heaven timber frame. The roles of different genders in the house
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