Architecture Terms Flashcards

Terms Definitions
rond-point
center
Broken Pediment
Baker House
AALTO
Gambrel Roof
American Venice
World's Fair
Meyerson Symphony Center
PEI
PPG place
PHILLIP JOHNSON
la chapelle axiale
axial chapel
arcade
arches side by side
Gates of Europe
PHILLIP JOHNSON
Bank of China Tower
PEI
Still Life in Studio(Architecture)
Louis-Jaques-Mande Daguerre
paris
Enlightenment
Intellectual movement centered in France during the 18th century; argued for scientific advance, the application of scientific methods to study human society; believed that rational laws could describe social behavior.
Guarini, San Lorenzo, Turin (1670)
transom
a window above a door.
Padre Rio Pilgrimage Church
RENZO PIANO
Line
Provides the shortest connection between the points
mausoleum
a stately and magnificent tomb.
stone
building material consisting of a piece of rock hewn in a definite shape for a special purpose
San Vitale;
Ravenna, Italy; 530-548
§ Octagonal with another octagon within it because when you mark out the days of
the week and start again, you're on the 8th day which represents a new beginning.
§ Dome is supported on the octagonal walls by small vaults called squinches that cut
across the angles of each part of the octagon
§ Incredible mosaics often depicting a beardless Christ in purple and the words Chi
Rho which are the first Greek letters in the name of Christ.
§ Made of alabaster instead of glass, giving it a creamlike appearance and natural
lighting
Soane, Bank of England, London (1780)
Wren, St. Stephen Walbrook, London (1680)
Facilities
Constructions built for a specific need
Architrave
lowest section of the entablature (horizontal member), immediately above the capital of a column
League of Nations disqualification india ink
LE CORBUSIER
sterobate
the foundation of a stone building
Orientation
a building's orientation is its relationship to its environment.
entourage
the landscaping and other nearby environmental features shown on a rendering of a building
torana
(in Indian Buddhist and Hindu architecture) a gateway having two or three lintels between two posts.
corbelling
slight bracket of brick or stone
Hipped
(of a roof) sloping on all sides
Marshal Field
of chicago, brought department store concept to america, opened own store in 1865, motto: "give the lady what she wants"
Frank Lloyd Wright, Unity Temple, Oak Park, (1900)
Expressionist
architecture of any date or location that exhibits some of the qualities of the original movement such as; distortion, fragmentation or the communication of violent or overstressed emotion.
monolithic
consisting of one piece; solid or unbroken
asymmetrical
not symmetrical; two halves of a building façade that do not match.
entasis
convex curve or swelling along the outside of a columnshaft, designed to counteract the optical allusion which gives the column shaft bounded by straight lines, the appearence of curving inwards. the swelling of a column that the architect imploys to create the optical allisuion of a straight line
Slab Foundation
reinforced concrete, they are either monolithic (one piece) or separate pieces
merlon
(in a battlement) the solid part between two crenels.
archway
an entrance or passage covered or enclosed by an arch
eaves
the overhanging lower edge of a roof.
cove
a concave surface or molding forming part of a ceiling at its edge that eliminates the usual interior angle between the wall and ceiling
forum
public square of an ancient city, center of judicial and business affairs and a place of assembly
interior
the inside part of a building, considered as a whole from the point of view of artistic design or general effect and convenience
palace
the official residence of a king, queen, bishop, or other sovereign or exalted personage.
Cupola
a roof in the form of a dome
Abstract Expressionism
An artistic movement that focused on expressing emotion and feelings through abstract images and colors, lines and shapes.
Axis
either of the two number lines that intersect to form a coordinate grid.
Veneer
A thin surface layer of wood, brick, or stone giving the appearance of solidity
Frieze
middle of the three main divisions of an entablature OR any long, narrow, horizontal panel or band used for decorative purposes
Antefixa
an upright ornament along the eaves of a tiled roof to conceal joints between the rows of tiles.
Value
a measure of where a particular color lies along the lightness-darkness axis
madrasa
a school or college, esp. a school attached to a mosque where young men study theology.
lattice
a structure of crossed wooden or metal strips usually arranged to form a diagonal pattern of open spaces between the strips.
rib
any of several archlike members of a vault supporting it at the groins, defining its distinct surfaces, or dividing these surfaces into panels: including ogives and tiercerons.
plinth
a slablike member beneath the base of a column or pier or a square base of a pedestal
keystone
wedge-shaped piece at the summit of an arch, regarded as holding the other pieces in place
gothic
noting or pertaining to a style of architecture, originating in France in the middle of the 12th century and existing in the western half of Europe through the middle of the 16th century, characterized by the use of the pointed arch and the ribbed vault,
Mansard
a hip roof having two slopes on each side
facade
The front or face of a building. The façade accents the entrance of a building and usually prepares the visitor for the architectural style found inside.
finial
the thing on top of the dome, points toward heaven (Ex: Taj Mahal)
Work Triangle
a line connecting the three centers of the kitchen, a triangle is formed. (should be no more than 22' or less than 12')
stilt
one of two poles, each with a support for the foot at some distance above the bottom end, enabling the wearer to walk with his or her feet above the ground.
stele
a prepared surface on the face of a building or a rock bearing an inscription
Abacus
a slab of stone on top of a classical capital, just under the architrave
atlantes
a sculptural figure of a man used as a column.
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