Architecture Vocabulary Flashcards

Terms Definitions
deambulatoire
deambulatory
Artek
AALTO
Koon's Puppy
GEHRY
Grandiose
Impress, overwhelming
croisee du transept
transept
Dexter Building
LOUIS SULLIVAN
AT&T Building
PHILLIP JOHNSON
Sullivan Building
LOUIS SULLIVAN
Islamic Audio -title
 
Domicile
a home, legal residence
Van Allen Building
LOUIS SULLIVAN
cornice
any prominent, continuous, horizontally projecting feature surmounting a wall or other construction
Expressionism
Distortion or exaggeration for emotional effect. First surfaced in the art literature of the early 20th century
Richardson, Trinity Church, Boston (1880)
Benbenet
Egyptian Pyramid Shaped Blocks, Represent rays of sun
Utzon. Sydney Opera House. Modernism.
Richard Rogers Pompidou Center
RENZO PIANO
Decastyle
a portico of 10 columns
balustrade
a railing with supporting balusters.
base
the distinctively treated lowermost portion of any construction such as a monument or exterior wall
piers
upright support for a superstructure, such as an arch or bridge/square shaped wider than pillars
Guimard, Paris Metro Stations, Paris (1900)
dome
In architecture, a hemispherical [like half a ball] vault or ceiling over a circular opening. It rises above the central part of a building. Usually it is elevated further by being placed on a circular or many-sided base.
stained glass
characteristic of Gothic architecture during medieval times
Notre Dame
1163; Gothic ; Gothic Cathedral
frieze
a long horizontal pannel encircling the roof of a structure the second horizontal line where the ends of the beams running the lenght of a building are supported, often sculptured in low relief but might be plain. dorick; square metophes, sometimes bearing relief sculputure, alternate with grooved tringles, and the projecting cornice, this two members, horiztonal one sloping, frame the pediments at the facades. Ionic: continuous frieze
Proportion
describes the relative sizes and locations of objects
castle
a fortified, usually walled residence, as of a prince or noble in feudal times.
pseudoperipteral
having a freestanding colonnade at each end, with engaged columns at the sides.
illusionistic
technique of using pictorial methods in order to deceive the eye
arch
a curved masonry construction for spanning an opening, consisting of a number of wedgelike stones, bricks, or the like, set with the narrower side toward the opening in such a way that forces on the arch are transmitted as vertical or oblique stresses on
Greek Revival
large, rectangular, two story portico with supporting greek columns.
Rose Window:
Circular window divided into segments by stone mullions and tracery.
Barry and Pugin, Houses of Parliament, London (1840)
Grand Tour
traditional travel of Europe; primary value was believe to lay in the exposure both to the cultural legacy of classical antiquity and the Renaissance; ex. Piranesi's prints of Roman views, epitomized in Thomas Cole's The Architect's Dream.
Classical Architecture
ancient Greek and Roman architecture, which had an emphasis on form, simplicity, and proportion.
Drum
any of the cylindrical stone blocks composing a column
Planned Exterior Spaces
Gardens, courtyards part of architecture
turret
a small tower, usually one forming part of a larger structure.
minaret
a lofty, often slender, tower or turret attached to a mosque, surrounded by or furnished with one or more balconies, from which the muezzin calls the people to prayer.
chalet
a herdsman's hut in the Swiss Alps.
portico
a structure consisting of a roof supported by columns or piers, usually attached to a building as a porch.
colonnade
a series of regularly spaced columns supporting an entablature and usually making up one side of a roof
dolman
clothing with cape like arm pieces instead of sleeves
embrasure
(in fortification) an opening, as a loophole or crenel, through which missiles may be discharged.
tile
a flat thin rectangular slab (as of fired clay or rubber or linoleum) used to cover surfaces
Transept
Aisle intersecting the nave at one end of the basilica and covered by a pitched roof; makes a building t-shaped
Vignola and Della Porta, Il Gesu, Rome (1570)
Stucco
a finish for walls, usually made of cement, sand, ad lime, and applied when wet
Cripidoma
the steps forming the base of a columned Greek temple
Ionic Order
Much more elegant, more popular temple ornament Flutes on shaft are deeper and closer together, volute
madrasa
a school or college, esp. a school attached to a mosque where young men study theology.
qibla
the point toward which Muslims turn to pray, esp. the Kaʿba, or House of God, at Mecca.
realtor
a person who works in the real-estate business and is a member of the National Association of Real Estate Boards, or one of its constituent boards, and abides by its Code of Ethics.
bay
any of a number of similar major vertical divisions of a large interior or wall; a division of a window between a mullion and an adjoining mullion or jamb
bracket
a support, as of metal or wood, projecting from a wall or the like to hold or bear the weight of a shelf, part of a cornice, etc.
elevation
a drawing that represents an object or structure as being projected geometrically on a vertical plane parallel to one of its sides
lattice
a structure of crossed wooden or metal strips usually arranged to form a diagonal pattern of open spaces between the strips.
Central Plan:
parts are evenly spread out around the altar in the middle of the church; circular or octagonal
fluted column
deep grooves that go into the column itself
Course
a level layer of brick or stone making up part of a wall
stele
a prepared surface on the face of a building or a rock bearing an inscription
landscape architecture
the art of arranging or modifying the features of a landscape, an urban area, etc., for aesthetic or practical reasons.
Ha - ha
a trench, with one side vertical, the other gently sloping, a method of containing livestock, which would be invisible from beyond the vertical side.
agent
a person or thing that acts or has the power to act.
Town house
a house that is one of a row of identical houses situated side by side and sharing common walls
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