ARH100 Final Exam Flashcards

Terms Definitions
atrium
courtyard
nave
central area
Standard Station
Ed Ruscha
1966
Screenprint
Piano Lesson
Henri Matisse
1916
genre
scenes of everyday life
First Communion
Pablo Picasso
1895-1896
Orientalizing: Mantiklos Apollo statuette of a youth dedicated by Mantiklos to Apollo from Thebes (broad shoulders, narrow waist, hair like pharaoh's, eyes)
calling of matthew caravaggio, 1610
Context
personal and social circumstances surrounding the making, viewing, and interpreting of a work of art.
Reims Cathedral, France
Nave
1211 - 1290.
Orientalizing: lady of Auxerre, goddess or kore, 650-625 BCE (Egyptian-like hair, stiffness, columnlike)
relief
Japanese artists of the Ukiyo-e school, in 19th century Edo, excelled in this multi-colored woodblock technique.
Henri Matisse
1869-1954; An extreme abstract expressionist, leader of "the beasts," focused on arrangement of color, line and form.
the coronation of napoleon david, 1800
visual metaphor
association (usually formal) between one image and another
coffer
recessed geometrical panel that forms a pattern
Seated Woman Holding a Fan
Pablo Picasso
1908
Aesthetics
branch of philosophy concerned with the feelings aroused in use by sensory experiences; nature of art and nature of beauty.
Greek orders
design of post-and-lintel building, mostly temples, became regulated in certain features in Ancient Greece. Greek architects established & codified 3 major architectural styles: Doric, Ionic, Corinthian.
Color Field painting
nonrepresentational style painting featuring broad "fields" of color; surfaced in the 1950s after Abstract Expressionism, as they shared the love for large scale & desire to transcend the visible world.
Classical: Seer, east pediment of temple of Zeus, 470-456, "Severe style" (thinking)
Gothic
Stained glass is associated with what style of Middle Ages architecture?
Proportion
size relationships between parts of a whole, or between two or more ties perceived as a unit; also the size relationship between an object and its surroundings.
the archangel barachiel with harquebus 18th cen
militant mary
optical mixing
eyes blend individual colors placed close to one another
Wood engraving
similar to woodcut, a relief printmaking process in which the image is cut on the end grain of a wood plank, resulting in a "white-line" impression.
Tempera
paint in which the pigment is compounded with an aqueous, emulsified vehicle for example egg yolk.
Support
surface on which a work of two-dimensional art is made on, for instance, paper, canvas, or wood.
Subtractive
takes away material until only the desired form remains.
sanctuary
choir space, restricted area near the alter
The Guggenheim Museum Bilbao, Spain-Frank O. Gehry
Bilbao, Spain.
1997.
Woman IV
Willem de Kooning. 1952-1953. Oil, enamel, and charcoal on canvas.
augury
reading the flight patterns of birds. sky or heavenly relm is like an enormous rectangle, there are birds in each quadrant. Augurs would take a cart out on a mountain to find signs. Responsible for the pomerium.
high-relief
What do we call a sculpture that projects substantially from a background surface or wall?
mass of saint gregory school of san jose de los naturales 1530
feathers
Salon des Refuses
created by Napoleon III; exhibition for the works rejected by the Salon
Warm colors
colors ranged along the orange curve of the color wheel, from red through yellow.
minaret
A tall slender tower on the exterior of a mosque from which believers are called to prayer
Earthwork
large in scale, made in a landscape from natural elements, for instance, rocks and dirt; surfaced in the 1960s.
Conceptual Art
art created according to the belief that the essence of art resides in a motivating idea and any physical awareness of this idea is unimportant; rose in the 1960s as artists tried to move away from producing objects that can be bought & sold.
site specific
What do we call a sculpture (often environmental or monumental) that is integral to a specific location?
the very sumptuous hours of the duke of berry 1410
limbourg brothers
Secondary colors
orange, green, ad violet. Each is made by combining two primary colors.
Oculus
the open circle at the top of ceiling lets in light heavenly effect
Installation
an art form where an entire room is treated as a work of art to be entered & experienced.
Arts and Crafts Movement
This movement, in the 19th century, sought to revive the pride in handicraft associated with the Middle Ages and the Renaissance.
The Parthenon, Athens, Greece
Iktinos and Kallikrates.
447 - 432 BCE.
The Pantheon, Rome, Italy
118 - 125 CE.
dome features a portico, oculus, & stepped buttress.
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