surface anatomy 2 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Cervical
neck
Patellar
kneecap
Vertebrtal
spine
pollex
thumb
cephalon/cephalic
head
inguen/inguinal
groin
palmar
palm
gluteal
buttocks
mammary
breast
coxal
hip
carpal
wrist
pollex
thumb
pedal
foot
mental
chin
oral
mouth
Sternal
breast bone
patellar
anterior knee
Occipital
back of head
Digital
fingers and toes
superior
upper/towards the head
olecranon
back of elbow
fibular
side of leg
Mammary
Pertaining to the breast
Umbilical
Pertaining to the navel
Pedal
Pertaining to the foot
Femoral
Pertaining to the thigh
Axillary
Pertaining to the armpit
Brachial
Pertaining to the arm
spinal cavity
contains spinal cord
Perineal
between anus and external genetalia
prone position
lying down on abs
muscular system
includes: skeletal muscle, tendon
function: movement, thermo regulation, regulates body temp
cardiovascular system
includes: heart, blood vessels- artery/vein
 
mediastinum
contains the trachea, esophagus, and major vessels
Meibomian Glands
Largest oil-secreting glands; located in the Tarsus.Embedded in the posterior connective tissue substance of the lids.
Sacral
Pertaining to the region between the hips (overlying the sacrum)
transverse/cross-sectional/horizontal plane
divides the body into upper(superior) or lower(inferior) portions
Caruncle
A pink fleshy or relatively isolated skin located in the medial canthus area adjacent the the semilunar fold (plica semilunaris)Modified skin containing sweat and oil glands.
axial
relating to head, neck, and trunk, the axis of the body
anterior
situated before or at the front of; fore (
Eyelids
Thickness of each lid is about 2mm and has an anterior and posterior border.Eyelashes arranged in rows of two or three.Visible on margins of both lids are tiny openings of the sweat and oil secreting glands.
thenar
the fleshy mass of the outer side of the palm of the hand.
Tarsal
ankle
Crural
leg
Orbital
eye
carpal
wrist
axilla/axillary
armpit
femoral
thigh
plantar
sole
manus
hand
Scapular
shoulder blade
cephalic
=head
includes: skull(cranial)
face(facial)
ear(otic)
cheek(buccal)
chin(mental)
pubic
genital region
sacral
between hips
Abdominal Cavity
contains intestines
pericardial cavity
surrounds the heart
digital or phalangeal
toes
digital
fingers or toes
Thoracic
Pertaining to the chest
Buccal
Pertaining to the cheek
Manus
Pertaining to the hand
inferior
lower/away from the head
Hallux
Pertaining to the great toe
respiratory system
includes: larynx(voice box), trachea(windpipe), pharynx, bronchus, lung
nervous system
includes: brain, spinal cord, nerve
 
pelvic cavity
contains urinary bladder, reproductive organs, last portion of digestive tract
Tarsus
Framework of connective tissue that gives shape to the eyelid.
Acromial
Pertaining to the point of the shoulder
Calcaneal
Pertaining to the heel of the foot
dorsal body cavity
cushions and protects the CNS
Palpebral Fissure
Opening between eyelids.Portion of the eyeball visible on external examination depends on the size of the palpebral fissure.
proximal
nearer to the attachment of the limb to the trunk
interdigitation
to interlock, as or like the fingers of both hands.
Medial Canthus
Canthus at the inner edge of eye (nasal).Contains two fleshy mounds; the deeper one (Semilunar fold or plica-semilunaris), and the superficial one called the caruncle
areola
a ring of color, as around the human nipple.
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